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Central Giant Cell Granuloma of the Mandible: A Case Report
International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 40-43
Received: Jul. 7, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 3, 2020; Published: Aug. 13, 2020
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Authors
Babacar Tamba, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal; General Hospital Idrissa Pouye, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhammad Kane, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Mamadou Diatta, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Bintou Catherine Gassama, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Alpha Kounta, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Abdou Ba, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
Ndeye Fatou Kebe, General Hospital Idrissa Pouye, Dakar, Senegal
Soukeye Dia Tine, Department of Oral Surgery, Odontology and Stomatology Institute, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal; General Hospital Idrissa Pouye, Dakar, Senegal
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Abstract
The central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) of the jaws is a rare benign tumour of the mandible (lower jaw) and the maxilla (upper jaw) characterized by destruction of the bone, loss of symmetry of the face and displacement of teeth and tooth germs, especially in younger patients. It is asymptomatic and present with slow growth often accompanied by dental mobility. The removal of this tumour is mutilating and is followed prosthetic rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to report a case of central giant cell granuloma localizated to the symphyseal region in a young patient. The case reported is that of a 14-year-old girl who received a consultation for a tumor in the symphysical region causing an aesthetic impact. The tumor was firm, painless and had been developing for about a year. The cortical were broken in places, in transverse, sagittal and coronal sections. The treatment consisted of her excision under general anesthesia causing a significant loss of substance. The tumor mass, very hemorrhagic, was extended to the buccal floor. At the end of the intervention, a significant loss of substance was observed. Two months later, a partial adjunct prosthesis was performed. The anatomo-pathological examination showed of several multinucleated giant cells, a few histiocytes, lymphocytes and fibroblasts. The removal of this aggressive tumour remains mutilating, with significant psychological repercussions. More recently, antiangiogenic therapy with interferon alpha has been successfully applied.
Keywords
Central Giant Cell Granuloma, Mandible, Removal
To cite this article
Babacar Tamba, Mouhammad Kane, Mamadou Diatta, Bintou Catherine Gassama, Alpha Kounta, Abdou Ba, Ndeye Fatou Kebe, Soukeye Dia Tine, Central Giant Cell Granuloma of the Mandible: A Case Report, International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 40-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20200602.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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