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Evaluation of the Effect of Bone Grafts in Different Sizes and Forms Used During Alveolar Split Osteotomy on the Implant Stability
International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 34-39
Received: Jun. 17, 2020; Accepted: Jul. 3, 2020; Published: Jul. 13, 2020
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Ugur Mercan, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey
Suheyla Kaya, Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey
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Objective: To compare the effects of filling bone gap between implants with bone graft materials of different sizes and forms of primary stability after alveolar split osteotomy process. Materials and Methods: Materials and Methods: Fourty fresh ribs were divided into four main groups. The groups created are based on the xenograft material of different sizes and forms; group Putty (P): Group applied Putty (form) graft (granule size 0.25– 1 mm), group Small (S): Group applied Small particle graft (granule size 0.25– 1 mm) group, group Large (L): Group applied Large particle graft (granule size 1– 2 mm), control group (C): classified as group where no bone graft was applied. Bone expansion was performed using piezosurgery. In all groups, two implants were inserted into the each rib after alveolar crest expansions. The gap between implants (outside the control group) was filled with bone graft materials of different forms and sizes (large, small, putty). The primary stability values of the implants were measured with in the direction of the bucco-lingual (BL) and mesio-distal (MD) by the ISQ (implant stability quotient) and compared between groups. Results: The primary stability values measured in the BL direction are higher than the primary stability values measured in the MD direction and values are statistically significant difference. There is no statistically significant difference between the 1st and 2nd implants in each group (C, P, S, L) for their measured values in both BL direction and MD direction. Conclusion: According to the ISQ values used to evaluate primary stability, it was found that the graft materials of different sizes used in our study did not cause a significant difference for the primary stability of the implants.
Bone Graft, Alveolar Ridge Split, Implant, Primary Stability
To cite this article
Ugur Mercan, Suheyla Kaya, Evaluation of the Effect of Bone Grafts in Different Sizes and Forms Used During Alveolar Split Osteotomy on the Implant Stability, International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 34-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20200602.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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