Environmental Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution and Human Health Risk
American Journal of Water Science and Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 14-19
Received: Sep. 4, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 20, 2016; Published: Nov. 3, 2016
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Authors
Mohamed A. Hassaan, Environmental Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Kayet Bey, El-Anfoushy, Alexandria, Egypt
Ahmed El Nemr, Environmental Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Kayet Bey, El-Anfoushy, Alexandria, Egypt
Fedekar F. Madkour, Marine Science Department, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
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Abstract
Heavy metals are normally occurring elements that have a density at least 5 times higher than of water. Their plentiful domestic, industrial, agricultural and technological usages have led to their widespread distribution in the environment; raising worries over their possible impacts on human health and the environment. The toxicity of heavy metals relies on numerous factors including the dose, method of exposure, and chemical types. This review provides an analysis of heavy metals occurrence, toxicity, and some pollution assessment methods such as the geoaccumulation index, contamination factor, Contamination Degree, Enirchment factor, pollution load index, Ecotoxilogical sense of heavy metals contamination and Risk Assessment of heavy metals consumption.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Health Effects, Environmental Effect, Geoaccumulation Index, Contamination Factor, Contamination Degree, Pollution Load Index, Ecotoxilogical Sense and Risk Assessment
To cite this article
Mohamed A. Hassaan, Ahmed El Nemr, Fedekar F. Madkour, Environmental Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution and Human Health Risk, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2016, pp. 14-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20160203.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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