Please enter verification code
Quantification of Groundwater Resources using Water Table Fluctuation Method in Tirupati Division, Andhra Pradesh State, India
American Journal of Water Science and Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 65-69
Received: Apr. 12, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 24, 2020; Published: May 15, 2020
Views 462      Downloads 196
Shanmukha Srinivas Gorantla, Department of Civil Engineering, Sri Venkateswara University College of Engineering, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Yaswanth Kumar Yadiki, Department of Civil Engineering, Gonampalli Pulla Reddy Engineering College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
Jyothi Pandla, Water Resources Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Tirupati, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
The weathered and fractured zones of hard rock formations constitute the potential aquifers for groundwater development. In India it has been the practice from historical times, to utilize groundwater for either domestic or agricultural purposes mostly through large diameter open wells piercing the shallow weathered portions. There has been an accelerated usage of groundwater during recent times, particularly during the ‘Green Revolution’. Due to the advent of modern techniques, simplicity in the construction of bore wells and viability to reach deeper fractured aquifers, the practice of construction of open-dug wells has almost been replaced by drilling of bore wells. The advantage of quick drilling techniques has encouraged many a user to drill to greater depths in the hope of getting higher yields. The net result of indiscriminate drilling is decline of water levels to alarming levels, which results in decrease in well yields and groundwater quality deterioration. It is in this context that an analysis of well yields, variations in static water levels, total depths in these wells of Tirupati revenue division is attempted to understand the well behavior because of the influx of floating as well as resident population is enormously increasing, thereby creating more demand for groundwater. The knowledge about the well yields and characteristics is considered imperative for effective planning and management of groundwater resources in this area. Considering the economic viability, various measures are suggested.
Groundwater, Water Table, Specific Yield, Well Recharge
To cite this article
Shanmukha Srinivas Gorantla, Yaswanth Kumar Yadiki, Jyothi Pandla, Quantification of Groundwater Resources using Water Table Fluctuation Method in Tirupati Division, Andhra Pradesh State, India, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 65-69. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200602.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Freeze RA, cherry JA (1979) Ground water, Prentice-hall, Engle wood Cliffs, NJ, 604 pp.
Gerhart JM (1986) Groundwater recharge and its effect on nitrate concentrations beneath a manured field site in Pennsylvania. Groundwater 24: 483-489.
Groundwater Estimation Committee (GEC) Report – 1997, CGWB, Govt. of India.
Hall DW Risser DW (1993) effects of agricultural nutrient management on nitrogen fate and transporting in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Water Resour Bull 29: 55-76.
Hantush MS (1956) Analysis of Data from pumping tests in leaky Aquifers. Trans Am Geophys Union vol 37, no 6.
Meinzer OE (1923) the occurrence of groundwater in the United States with a discussion of principles. US GeolSurv Water-Supply Pap 489, 381 pp.
Rasmussen WC Andreasen GE (1959) Hydrologic Budget of the Beaver dam Creek Basin, Mary land. US Geol Surd Water-Supply Pap 1472: 106 p.
Richard W. Healy. Peter G. cook (2002) Using ground water levels to estimate recharge, Hydrogeology Journal (2002) 10: 91-109.
Theis CV (1937) Amount of groundwater recharge in the Southern High Plains. Trans Am Geophys Union 8: 564-568.
Walton WC (1961) Groundwater resource evaluation. McGraw –Hill, New York, 664 pp.
S. K. Garg, Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures (Khanna publishers 2-B, Nath Market, Nai Sarak, Delhi-110006, 1976).
M. R. Hasan, M. G. Mostafa and I. Matin, Effect of Groundwater Level Fluctuation in Chapai Nawabgonj District, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), 2 (4), April 2013, 2800-2807.
Hughes, D. A.; Hannart, P. A desktop model used to provide an initial estimate of the ecological in stream flow requirements of rivers in South Africa. Journal of Hydrology 2003, 270, 167–181.
Tallaksen, L. M.; Van Lanen, H. A. Hydrological drought: processes and estimation methods for streamflow and groundwater; Elsevier, 2004; Vol. 48.
Adelana SMA, Olasehinde P. I and Vrbka P. (2006). A quantitative estimation of groundwater recharge in parts of Sokoto Basin, Nigeria. Journal Environmental Hydrology, 14 (5): 1-17.
Nwankwoala, H. (2015). Hydrogeology and Groundwater Resources of Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 8 (1): 89- 100.
Hsin-Fu, Y., Cheng-Haw, L., Kuo-Chin, H., Po-Hsun C. (2009). GIS for the assessment of the groundwater recharge potential zone. Environ Geol. 58: 185-195.
Water, U. Integrated Monitoring Guide for Sustainable Development Goal 6 on Water and Sanitation-Targets and global indicators. 2017.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186