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Flood Moderation & Water Management Study in a Non-Himalayan Indian Basin
American Journal of Water Science and Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 89-103
Received: Sep. 17, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 30, 2020; Published: Oct. 13, 2020
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Sanjay Kumar Ray, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Venkappayya Rangappayya Desai, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
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India is one of the very few countries in the world endowed with substantial land and water resources. Being a country with predominantly monsoon climate, the rainfall is erratic, unevenly distributed in space, time and hence droughts in some parts/seasons and floods in some other parts/seasons frequently occur. Sometimes, both of them also occur simultaneously. In order to reduce the adverse impacts of floods and droughts, intra-basin surface/subsurface water management followed by inter-basin subsurface & surface water transfer is proposed to ensure water availability within the basin first, followed by transfer of basin excess water, preferably to the adjacent basin (s) within the region -having water storage capability during the regional floods, purely on a short term basis. In the present study, a sub-catchment of Subarnarekha Basin has been considered as the study area. This study focuses on the proposal of Intra-basin/Inter-basin subsurface/surface storage/transfer during a portion of the flood period. This is accomplished after creating some Intra-basin storage, by analyzing 13 years of daily discharge data -starting from 2004, for the Jamsholaghat Gauge-Discharge (G-D) site in the basin. Thus, all the four purposes -in their order of preference, viz., 1) moderation of basin flood peak; 2) creation of intra-basin surface/subsurface storage; 3) groundwater recharge and 4) short term mitigation of water scarcity in the neighboring basin (s), are expected to be achieved through this proposal.
Interlinking of Rivers, Inter-basin Transfer, Subsurface Transfer, Water Harvesting Structures
To cite this article
Sanjay Kumar Ray, Venkappayya Rangappayya Desai, Flood Moderation & Water Management Study in a Non-Himalayan Indian Basin, American Journal of Water Science and Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 89-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajwse.20200603.12
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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