A Review on Heavy Metals Contamination in Water and Soil: Effects, Sources and Phytoremediation Techniques
International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 21-27
Received: May 17, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 6, 2017; Published: Jul. 27, 2017
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Authors
Sadiq Abdurrahman Abubakar Shawai, Department of Chemistry, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano, Nigeria
Halima Ibrahim Muktar, Department of Chemistry, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano, Nigeria
Ado Garba Bataiya, Department of Chemistry, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano, Nigeria
Idris Imam Abdullahi, Department of Biology, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano, Nigeria
Ibrahim Muhammad Shamsuddin, Science Department, Maude International Schools, Zaria, Nigeria
Abba Shehu Yahaya, Department of Chemistry, Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education Kumbotso, Kano, Nigeria
Maimua Suleiman, Department of Microbiology, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria
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Abstract
Heavy metals are natural compounded elements occurring in the environment and different in concentrations along the earth crust. Source of these elements in water and soils mainly include natural occurrence derived from parent materials and anthropogenic activities. Pollution by heavy metals is still a serious problem due to their toxicity and ability to accumulate in the biota, and causes various health problems in humans and animals. This paper discussed the effects and sources of heavy metals as well as phytoremediation techniques. Phytoremediation techniques or strategies seem to be a prosperous way to remediate heavy metals-contaminated environment (water, soil air and others. It has some advantage compared with other used or available physical and chemical process or conventional strategies. There are several factors that must be considered in order achieved a high performance of remediation result, and the most crucial factors is a suitable plant species which can be used to uptake the contaminant. Although, phytoremediation techniques seems to be the most efficient, but it has some limitations.
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Phytoremediation, Phytoextraction, Phytovolatilization, Contamination
To cite this article
Sadiq Abdurrahman Abubakar Shawai, Halima Ibrahim Muktar, Ado Garba Bataiya, Idris Imam Abdullahi, Ibrahim Muhammad Shamsuddin, Abba Shehu Yahaya, Maimua Suleiman, A Review on Heavy Metals Contamination in Water and Soil: Effects, Sources and Phytoremediation Techniques, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 21-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20170202.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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