Investigation of Affecting Parameters on Heap Leaching Performance and Reducing Acid Consumption of Low Grade Oxide-Sulfide Copper Ore
International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 40-45
Received: May 26, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 26, 2017; Published: Aug. 24, 2017
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Authors
Mohsen Azmayandeh, School of Mining, College of Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
Valeh Aghazadeh, School of Mining, College of Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
Hadi Abdollahi, School of Mining, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
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Abstract
Heap leaching method is known as cheap method for copper extraction. Presence of clay and acid consumer waste minerals are the most critical issues because they may bring out the process from economic mode. For reduce acid consumption and increasing copper extraction in heap leaching method, about 3 tons sample was taken randomly from different low grade zones. After homogenization and spelling into small parts, bottle roll tests were carried out to achieve maximum copper recovery and acid consumption in a short time at pH= 1, 1.1 and 1.2. Maximum copper recovery were 60.8, 60.2 and 60.1%, respectively. Also acid consumption were 107.30, 99.90 and 93.23 kg/t of ore, respectively. After diagnostic tests, nine columns with dimension 2m height and 15cm diameter were filled by 0.5, 1 and 1.5 inches ore. Columns were irrigated with 7, 9 and 11 g/l as acid solution concentration at flow rates of 7, 11 and 15 l/m2*h for 63 days. Results showed that there are high correlation between copper and iron recoveries. Copper recovery changed from 25.5% to 58.9% while iron recovery changed from 4.7% to 15.2%. Acid consumption were achieved between 18 to 54 kg per ton of ore. Acid solution concentration and irrigation flow rate are the most important parameters on the copper and iron recoveries. By increasing of leaching period Copper extraction will increase, but acid will be waste more. Copper and iron recoveries were increased with increasing the acid solution concentration and irrigation flow rate but Increasing in amount of acid consumption does not increase copper extraction inevitably. Irrigation flow rate of acid solution has significant effect on acid consumption. With decreasing the ore particle size, both of copper recovery and acid consumption were increased.
Keywords
Copper Oxide Heap Leaching, Bottle Rolling Test, Column Tests, Copper and Iron Recoveries, Acid Sulfuric Consumption
To cite this article
Mohsen Azmayandeh, Valeh Aghazadeh, Hadi Abdollahi, Investigation of Affecting Parameters on Heap Leaching Performance and Reducing Acid Consumption of Low Grade Oxide-Sulfide Copper Ore, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 40-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20170204.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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