International Journal of Vocational Education and Training Research
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 33-37
Received: Apr. 1, 2019;
Accepted: May 15, 2019;
Published: Jun. 11, 2019
Views 214 Downloads 27
Phoneshia Wells, Health Services Department, University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, United States of America
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a federal program available to expectant and post-partum women of low economic status. The WIC program provides education, nutritional supplements, and provides health and social referrals to recipients. The overall purpose of this study was to create a program that would inform, educate, and empower recipients so they could utilize the WIC EBT card to its full potential by obtaining all items covered and available to them. A descriptive, pre-experimental, one group pretest -posttest design was utilized. Additionally, the researcher administered survey questions to determine what challenges recipients experience, comfort level using the voucher, and other information pertinent to successful use of the WIC EBT card. Consequently, two 45 minutes educational sessions were provided to recipients regarding the approved foods with an emphasis regarding brands and sizes. Following the in-service classes, significant changes were noted in staff knowledge (n=8) regarding WIC approved items (95% confidence interval and a significant value of.029). This indicated there was a change in knowledge when comparing the number of correct responses selected on the pre-test to the correct responses selected on the post-test. After a thorough analysis, the investigator discovered that Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) recipients were comfortable utilizing their WIC EBT card; however, there was a need for additional education on the products covered by the WIC EBT card.
Empowering Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Recipients, International Journal of Vocational Education and Training Research.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 33-37.
United States Department of Agriculture: Food and Nutrition Services. http://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/women-infants-and-children-wic. (2015). Accessed on 8 Aug 2017.
Chiasson, M. A. Findley, S. E. Sekhobo, J. P. Scheinmann, R. Edmunds, L. S. Faly, A. S. & McLeod, N. J. (2013). Changing WIC changes what children eat. Obesity, 21 (7), 1423-1429. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20295
Oliveira V, Frazao E. The WIC Program: Background, Trends, and Economic Issues, 2009 Edition. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; 2009. Economic Research Report no. 73.
Fingar, K. R. Lob, S. H. Dove, M. S. Gradziel, P. & Curtis, M. P. (2017). Reassessing the association between WIC and birth outcomes using a fetuses-at-risk approach. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 21 (4), 825-835. doi: http://dx.doi.org.lib-proxy.usi.edu/10.1007/s10995-016-2176-9
Gregory, E. F. Gross, S. M. Nguyen, T. Q. Butz, A. M. & Johnson, S. B. (2016). WIC participation and breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 20 (8), 1735-1744. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-016-1977-1
Toy, S. Tripodis, Y. Yang, K. Cook, J. & Garg, A. (2016). Influence of Maternal Depression on WIC Participation in Low-Income Families. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 20 (3), 710-9.
Chauvenet, C. De Marco, M. Barnes, C. & Ammerman, A. (2019). WIC Recipients in the Retail Environment: A Qualitative Study Assessing Customer Experience and Satisfaction. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 119 (3), 416-424. e2.
Gittelsohn, J. Laska, M. N. Andreveva, T. Foster, G. Rose, D. Tester, J. &…Ayala, G. X. (2012). Small Retailer Perspectives of the 2009 Women, Infants and Children Program Food Package Changes. American Journal of Health Behavior, 36 (5), 655-665. Doi: 10.5993/AJHB.36.5.8.
Cobb, L. K. Anderson, C. A. M. Appel, L. Jones-Smith, J. Bilal, U. Gittelsohn, J. & Franco, M. (2015). Baltimore city stores increased the availability of healthy food after WIC policy change. Health Affairs, 34 (11), 1849-5A. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0632
Robinson, C. (2016). Family composition and the benefits of participating in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC). Eastern Economic Journal, 42 (2), 232-251. doi: http://dx.doi.org.lib-proxy.usi.edu/10.1057/eej.2014.43
Noia, J. D. Monica, D. Sikorskii, A. & Karen, W. C. (2017). Outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of nutrition education to promote farmers market fruit and vegetable purchases and consumption among women enrolled in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC). BMC Nutrition, 3 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40795-017-0172-0
Tofail, F. Persson, L. A. Arifeen, S. E. Hamadani, J. D. Mehrin, F. Ridout, D. Ekstrom, E. C. Huda, S. N. & Grantham-McGregor, S. M. (2008). Effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation on infant development: A randomized trial from the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions, Matlab (MINIMat) study1’2’3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87, 3, 704-711.
Kowaleski-Jones, L. & Duncan, G. J. (2002). Effects of participation in the WIC program on birthweight: Evidence from the national longitudinal survey of youth. American Journal of Public Health, 92 (5), 799-804. Retrieved from https://login.libproxy.usi.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.libproxy.usi.edu/docview/215106043?accountid=14752
Metallinos-Katsaras, E. Gorman, K. Wilde, P. & Kallio, J. (2011). A longitudinal study of WIC participation on household food insecurity. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15 (5), 627-33.
Biediger-Friedman, L. Silva, M. & Smith, K. (2018). A Focus Group Study Observing Maternal Intentions to Use a WIC Education App. American Journal of Health Behavior, 42 (6), 110-123. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.42.6.11.