Improve the Flash Flood Early Warning System in the North-Eastern Parts of Bangladesh
American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 91-97
Received: Aug. 29, 2018;
Accepted: Sep. 18, 2018;
Published: Oct. 27, 2018
Views 1286 Downloads 141
Anik Pal, Department of Environmental Science and Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Jakariya, Department of Environmental Science and Management, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Abdur Rahman, Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Munjira Yeasmin, Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
This study investigates to improve the flash flood early warning system in the north-eastern parts of Bangladesh. Flash Flood is a major problem and is increasing day-by-day in the north-eastern parts of Bangladesh. The huge amount of economic and life losses every year due to these floods demands for an up to date warning system which will able to notify general peoples of the affected areas. Primary data is collected from the study (Kamalganj, Maulovibazar) which are mostly vulnerable during the flash flood season. Secondary data is collected by performing reconnaissance survey and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). From the survey about 67% respondents complained that their personal property damage by flash flood, more than 87% people claimed about the life loss of human and other animals. About 100% people claimed that there has no any warning system in this region as well as 79% said about negative to awareness program and at least 83% respondents demanded about the warning system technology development. Most of the people in this region use mobile phone which can be used as an effective tool by integrating them in a flash flood early warning system. So, this study developed a warning device which is able to send warning through SMS when the water exceeds the normal level measured by a sensor. There was implemented the demo device to identity its efficiency. The device was found to be working accordingly. Some feedbacks were collected from respondents and professionals on the device and their thoughts on implementing this kind of device in their respective areas. The results were positive and research team observed positive response from the respondents as well. This result suggests future research is needed to develop advanced warning system that is able to provide warnings to the affected people covering more areas affected with flash flood.
Mohammad Abdur Rahman,
Improve the Flash Flood Early Warning System in the North-Eastern Parts of Bangladesh, American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2018, pp. 91-97.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
BBS, B B O S., Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 2011.
Fakhruddin, S., Applications of medium range probabilistic flood forecast for societal benefits: Lessons learnt from Bangladesh, in Reducing disaster: Early warning systems for climate change. 2014, Springer. p. 167-183.
Huq, S. and G. Rabbani, Climate change and Bangladesh: policy and institutional development to reduce vulnerability. Journal of Bangladesh Studies, 2011. 13(1): p. 1-10.
Alam, J., Concept of flood shelter and its planning to cope with flood. Village Infrastructure to Cope with the Environment, Dhaka and Exeter, November, 2000.
Chowdhury, M R., An assessment of flood forecasting in Bangladesh: the experience of the 1998 flood. Natural hazards, 2000. 22(2): p. 139-163.
Moges, A., Flood forecasting and early warning system (FFEWS) an alternative technology for flood management system and damage reduction in Ethiopia.
Uddin, M R. and M. A. Awal, Early warning on disastrous weather through cell phone. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering, 2013. 11: p. 51-53.
Rahman, M M., M. A. Hossain, and A. K. Bhattacharya. Flood management in the flood plain of Bangladesh. in International Conference on Civil Engineering in the New Millennium: Opportunities and Challenges (CENM). 2007.
Hossain, A. An overview on impacts of flood in Bangladesh and options for mitigation. in national workshop on options for flood risk and damage reduction in Bangladesh. 2004.
Mosley, P. and D. Hulme, Finance Against Poverty: Volume 2: Country Case Studies. 2006: Routledge.
Basher, R., Global early warning systems for natural hazards: systematic and people-centred. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2006. 364(1845): p. 2167-2182.
Handmer, J., Improving flood warnings in Europe: a research and policy agenda. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 2001. 3(1): p. 19-28.
BTRC., Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission, 2014.
Bela, G. and Liptak (ed.), Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Fourth Edition, Volume One: Process Measurement and Analysis, CRC Press, 2003, ISBN 1420064029 page 477.
David, L., Thomas, B. and Reddy (ed.), Handbook of Batteries 3rd Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2002 ISBN 0-07-135978-8 chapter 22.