Polymer Drilling Fluids Emulsions (PDFE): A Review
American Journal of Applied and Industrial Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-7
Received: Feb. 16, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 19, 2020; Published: Apr. 14, 2020
Views 307      Downloads 62
Ibe Kevin Ejiogu, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Department of Processing and Production, Directorate of Research and Development, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Jude Anikimi Omgbu, Department of Drilling Fluids Engineering, Scomi Oil Tools, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Femi Boma Julius, Department of Drilling Fluids Engineering, Baker Hughes, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Uche Ibenenme, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Department of Polymer Technology, Directorate of Polymer and Environmental Technology, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Polymeric drilling fluids emulsions (PDFE) are very important because they are used as drilling fluid systems used in modern drilling operations. For low pressure and exhausted gas and oil reservoirs Oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion polymeric drilling fluids are used however for drilling completion and work over high pressure gauge wells Water-in-oil (w/o) invert emulsion polymeric drilling fluids are preferable. The stability of polymeric drilling fluids emulsions systems are possible as a result suitable chemical components called surfactants which creates good emulsion stability. The rheological and filtration properties are controlled by polymeric materials and bridging agents. This paper is a review on the recent developments and trends as new technologies emerge in polymeric drilling fluids emulsion and their level of efficiencies in drilling gas and oil wells. At times the mud components serve as soil supplement or agricultural aid. A lot of work needs to be done to popularise both drilling and waste problems. Some programmes have already been adopted to bring together economic and environmental considerations in drilling practices. A lot has been done in exploring waste reducing technologies. Pre-treatment of emulsion muds before disposal is easier and lower in cost than oil based muds. Oils can be removed from the cuttings with the help of mechanical cuttings dryers and thermal desorption units. As per a recent developed technique, oil from drilled cuttings can be recovered by liquefied gas extraction technique. This paper touches not only on the progress made in drilling fluid technology but also on the environmental impact of the drilling fluids at the drilling sites.
Polymeric Drilling Fluids, Emulsions, Rheology, Filtration, Invert Emulsions, Oil and Gas Reservoirs
To cite this article
Ibe Kevin Ejiogu, Jude Anikimi Omgbu, Femi Boma Julius, Uche Ibenenme, Polymer Drilling Fluids Emulsions (PDFE): A Review, American Journal of Applied and Industrial Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaic.20200401.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Caenn R., Darley H. C. H. and Gray G. R. (2011). Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids, 6th edn (Elsevier Inc.), 92-101.
Lummus J. L. and Azar J. J., Drilling Fluids Optimization: A Practical Field Approach, Pennwell Publishing, Tulsa, Okhlahoma, 1986, 43-61.
Mahto V. (2013). The prevention of differential pipe sticking problems caused by water based drilling, J. Pet. Sci. Technol., 31: 21, 2237-2243.
Hunter T N, Pugh R J, Franks G V and Jameson G J. (2003). The role of particles in stabilizing foams and emulsions, Adv. in Colloid Interface Sci., 137, 57–81.
Lummus J. L., Barrett H. M. and Allen H., The effects of use of oil in Drilling Muds, Spring meeting of the Midcontinent District, Division of Production, Tulsa, March 1953.
Yan J., Wang F., Jiang G., Fan W. and Su C., A Solid emulsifier to improve the performance of oil-inwater drilling fluids, SPE 37267, SPE International symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston, TX, USA, Feb 18-21 1997.
Nelson M. D., Crittendon B. C. and Trimble G. A., Development and application of a water-in-oil emulsion drilling mud, Spring meeting of the Midcontinent District Mid-Continent District, Division of Production, Amarilio, Texas, March 1955.
Perkins H. W., A Report on oil-emulsion drilling fluids, Spring Meeting, Southwestern District, Division of Production, Beaumont, Texas, March 1951.
Hyne N. J., Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling and Production, Penwell Publishing Company, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1991, 168.
Henkes R. A., Drilling Emulsion, Shell Caribbean Petr. Co., Maracaibo, Venezuala.
Weaire D. and Hutzler S., The Physics of Foams, Oxford University Press, 1999, 87-89.
Shaw D. J., Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Butterworths (1966). 123-127.
Kirk R. E. and Othner D. F., Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, vol 5 (The Interscience Encyclopedia, Inc., 950, 67-68.
Alexander, Surface Chemistry and Colloids, Colloid Science, Chemical Publishing Company Inc., 1947.
Stamatakis E., Young S. and Stefeno G. D., Meeting the Ultrahigh-Temperature/Ultrahigh-Pressure fluid challenge, SPE 153709, in SPE Oil and Gas India Conference and Exhibition, Mumbai, 28-30 March 2012.
Dimitrova T D, Leal-Calderon F, Gurkov T D & Campbell B. (2004). Surface forces in model oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by proteins oil, Adv colloid interface Sci., 108-109, 73-86.
Russev S. C., Arguirov T. VI and Gurkov T. D., β-Casein adsorption kinetics on air–water and oil–water interfaces studied by ellipsometry, Colloids Surf. B, 19, 2000, 89-100.
Griffin W. C., Classification of surface active agents by “HLB”, J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem., 1949, 1, 311-326.
Nguyen D., Sadeghi N. and Houston C., Emulsion characteristics and novel demulsifiers for treating chemical induced emulsions, SPE 143987, SPE Enhanced Oil Recovery Conference, Kaula Lumpur, Malaysia, July 19-21 2011.
Qianheng Y. and Baoguo M., Development and applications of solids-free oil-in-water drilling fluids, J. Pe. t Sci., 5, 2008, 153-158.
Schramm L. L., Stasiuk E. N. and Marangoni D. G., Surfactants and their applications, Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem., Sect C, 99, 2003, 3–48.
Darley H. C. H. and Gray G. R., Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids, 5th Ed., Gulf Professional Publishing. Houston, Texas, 1988, 63-66.
Kelly J. Jr., Wells P., Perry G. W. and Wilkie S. K., How using oil mud solved North Sea drilling problems. J. Pet. Technol, SPE, 1980, 931-940.
Popov S. G., Natsepnskaya A. M., Okromelidze G. V., Garshina O. V., Khvoyscin P. A., Grebreva F. N. and Nekrssova I. L., The innovative approach to use of emulsion drilling fluid-Reversible Inverted.
Drilling Fluid, SPE 168661, SPE Conference on fields development under complicated conditions and Arctic region, Moscow, Russia, October 15-17 2013.
Brandt G. W., Weintritt D. J. and Gray G. R., An improved water-in-oil emulsion mud, SPE 1410 G, J. Pet. Technol., 1960, 14-17.
Zamora M. and Growcock F., The Top 10 Myths, Misconceptions and Mysteries in rheology and hydraulics, AADE-10-DF-HO-40, AADE Fluids Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, April 6-7 2010.
Jha P. K., Mahto V. and Saxena V. K., Study the rheological and filtration properties of oil-in-water emulsion for its application in oil and gas well drilling, J. Pet. Engg. Technol., 3, 2013, 25-30.
Kumar A. S., Mahto V. and Sharma V. P., Behaviour of organic polymers on the rheological properties of Indian bentonite-water based drilling fluid and its effect on formation damage, Indian J. Chemical Technol., 200310, 525-530.
Browning W. C., Lignosulfonate stabilized emulsions in oil well drilling, SPE 393-G, J. Pet. Technol., 1955, 9-15.
Mahto V. and Sharma V. P., Characterization of Indian bentonite clay samples for water based drilling fluids, J. Pet. Sci. Technol., 2008, 26: 15, 1859-1868.
Mahto V & Sharma V P, Tragacanth Gum: An Effective Oil Well Drilling Fluid Additive, EnergySources, 2009, 27: 3, 299-308.
Singh P. K. and Sharma V. P., Effects of electrolytes on zeta-potential of beneficiated Indian bentonites, J. Scientific Industrial Research, 1997, 56, 281-287.
Larsen D. H., Use of clay in drilling fluids- Clay technology in the petroleum industry, Los Angeles, California, 269-281.
Chatterji J. and Borchardt J. K., Application of water soluble polymers in the oil field, J. Pet Technol. 1981, 042-2054.
Mahto V. and Sharma V. P., Rheological study of a water based oil well drilling fluid, J. Pet Sci. Engg, 2004, 45, 123– 128.
Sharma V. P. and Mahto V., Studies on less expansive environmental safe polymers for development ofwater based drilling fluids, SPE 100903, SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Adelaide, Australia, Sep 11-13 2006.
Bennett R. B., New drilling fluid technology-Mineral oil mud, J. Pet. Tech., 1984, 975-981.
Patel A. D. and Growcock F. B., Reversible Invert Emulsion Drilling Fluids: Controlling wettability and minimizing formation damage, SPE 54764, SPE European Formation Damage Conference, Hauge, Netherlands, May 31-June 1 1999.
Gray G. R. and Grioni S., Varied applications of invert emulsion muds, J. Pet. Technol., 1969, 21, 261-266.
Jiao D. and Sharma M. M., Dynamic filtration of invert emulsion muds, SPE 24759-PA, SPE Drillingand Completion, 1993, 8, 165-169.
Zanten R. V., Miller J. J. and Baker C., Improved stability of invert emulsion fluids, SPE 151404-MS, IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6-8 March, 2012.
Green T. C., Headley J. A., Scott P. D., Brady S. D., Haynes L. L., Pardo C. W. and Dick M., Minimizing formation damage with reversible invert emulsion drill-in fluid, SPE 72283-MS, SPE/IADC Middle East Drilling Technology Conference, Bahrain, 22-24 Oct, 2001.
Patel A. D., Reversible Invert Emulsion Drilling Fluids- A Quantum Leap in Technology, IADC/SPE 47772, IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology, Jakarta, Indonesia, Sep 7-9 1998.
Tehrani A., Behaviour of suspensions and emulsions in drilling fluids, Annual transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Vol 15, 2007.
Elkatatny S. M. and Nasr-El-Din, Properties of Ilmenite Water –Based Drilling Fluids for HPHT Applications, IPTC 16983, in International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, China, March 26-28 2013.
Chilingarian G. V. and Vorabutr P., Drilling and Drilling Fluids, Development in Petroleum Science, 1st Edition (Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands) 1983, 149-151.
Kassim A. and Sharma M. M., Filtration properties of oil-in-water emulsions containing solids, SPE89015, SPE Drilling and Completion (2004) 164-172.2315.
Lawhon C. P., Evans W. M. and Simpson J. P., Laboratory drilling rate and filtration studies of emulsion drilling fluids, J. Pet. Technol., 1967, 943-948.
Echols W. H., Use of oil-emulsion mud in the Sivells Bend Field, J. Pet Technol., TP 2227, 1947, 229-237.
Caenn R. and Chillingar G. V., Drilling fluids: State of the art, J. Pet Sci. Engg., 1996, 14, 221-230.
Khodja M., Khodja-Saber M., Canselier J. P., Cohaut N. and Bergaya F., Drilling Fluid Tecnology: Performances and Environmental Considerations, ISBN: 978-953-307-211-1.2010.
Getliff J. M., Bradbury A. J., Sawdon C. A., Candler J. E. and Loklingholm G., Can advances in drillingfluid design further reduce the environmental effects of water and organic-phase drilling fluids? SPE61040, Fifth SPE International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment, Stavanger, Norway, 26-28 June 2000.
Growcock F. B, Curtis G. W., Hoxha B., Brooks W. S. and Candler J. E., Designing invert drilling fluidsto yield environmentally friendly drilled cuttings, IADC/SPE 74474, IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Dallas, TX, February 26-28 2002.
Song H. G., Wang X. and Bartha R., Bioremediation potential of terrestrial fuel spills, Appl. Environ. Microbiology, 1990, 56, 641-651.
Paulsen J. E., Saasen A., Jensen B. and Grinrod M., Key environmental indicators in drilling operations, SPE 71839, Offshore Europe Conference, Aberdeen, Sept 4-7 2001.
Jones M. G., Hartog J. J. and Sykes R. M., Environmental performance indicators- The line andmanagement tool, SPE 35953, lnternational Conference on Health, Safety and Environment, New Orleans, LA, 9-12 June 1996.
Paulsen J. E., Saasen A., Jensen B., Thore Eia J. and Helmichsen P., Environmental advances in drillingfluid operations applying a total fluid management concept, AADE Technology Conference, Drillingand Completion Fluids and Waste Management, Radisson Astrodome, Houston, Texas, April 2 – 32002.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186