Polymer Drilling Fluids Emulsions (PDFE): A Review
American Journal of Applied and Industrial Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-7
Received: Feb. 16, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 19, 2020; Published: Apr. 14, 2020
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Authors
Ibe Kevin Ejiogu, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Department of Processing and Production, Directorate of Research and Development, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Jude Anikimi Omgbu, Department of Drilling Fluids Engineering, Scomi Oil Tools, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Femi Boma Julius, Department of Drilling Fluids Engineering, Baker Hughes, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Uche Ibenenme, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Department of Polymer Technology, Directorate of Polymer and Environmental Technology, Zaria, Nigeria; Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
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Abstract
Polymeric drilling fluids emulsions (PDFE) are very important because they are used as drilling fluid systems used in modern drilling operations. For low pressure and exhausted gas and oil reservoirs Oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion polymeric drilling fluids are used however for drilling completion and work over high pressure gauge wells Water-in-oil (w/o) invert emulsion polymeric drilling fluids are preferable. The stability of polymeric drilling fluids emulsions systems are possible as a result suitable chemical components called surfactants which creates good emulsion stability. The rheological and filtration properties are controlled by polymeric materials and bridging agents. This paper is a review on the recent developments and trends as new technologies emerge in polymeric drilling fluids emulsion and their level of efficiencies in drilling gas and oil wells. At times the mud components serve as soil supplement or agricultural aid. A lot of work needs to be done to popularise both drilling and waste problems. Some programmes have already been adopted to bring together economic and environmental considerations in drilling practices. A lot has been done in exploring waste reducing technologies. Pre-treatment of emulsion muds before disposal is easier and lower in cost than oil based muds. Oils can be removed from the cuttings with the help of mechanical cuttings dryers and thermal desorption units. As per a recent developed technique, oil from drilled cuttings can be recovered by liquefied gas extraction technique. This paper touches not only on the progress made in drilling fluid technology but also on the environmental impact of the drilling fluids at the drilling sites.
Keywords
Polymeric Drilling Fluids, Emulsions, Rheology, Filtration, Invert Emulsions, Oil and Gas Reservoirs
To cite this article
Ibe Kevin Ejiogu, Jude Anikimi Omgbu, Femi Boma Julius, Uche Ibenenme, Polymer Drilling Fluids Emulsions (PDFE): A Review, American Journal of Applied and Industrial Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaic.20200401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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