Chronic Energy Deficiency and its Associated Factors Among Lactating Women in Debre Tabor General Hospital, Northcentral Ethiopia
Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 1-7
Received: Nov. 29, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 11, 2019; Published: Feb. 28, 2019
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Authors
Melaku Tadege Engidaw, Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Digssie Gebremariam, Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Desalegn Tesfa Asnakew, Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Bedilu Abebe Abate, Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Introduction: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy and/or lactation is a fundamental determinant of maternal and child health. So, it can halt the long-term and irreversible consequences of malnutrition. The burden of undernutrition among women and children became a significant public health problem in low and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. However, lactating mothers in these countries are one of the nutritionally vulnerable groups. There are limited studies conducted to assess the nutritional status of lactating women. So, the aim of this study was to assess the chronic energy deficiency and its associated factors among lactating mothers in Debre Tabor General Hospital, Northcentral Ethiopia. Methodology: An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of 266 lactating mothers were selected by systematic random sampling from October 2017 to January 2018. The data were collected by face to face interview by using a pre-tested and structured questionnaire. The physical measurements were taken at the end of the interview. The bivariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify associated factors. The variables with a p-value <0.2 were used to select candidate variables for multivariable logistic regression. A p-value of ≤0.05 was used to declare statistical significance. Result: A total of 251 lactating mothers were included in the study which makes the response rate of 94.36%. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency among lactating women was 17.9% (95% CI (13.5, 23.1)). Women’s who had daily laborer husband (AOR: 5.02, 95%CI (1.36, 18.50)), had not Post Natal Care (PNC) follow up (AOR: 6.39 95% CI (1.69, 24.13)), and ate 2 times per day (AOR: 4.87, 95% CI (1.44, 16.51)) were the contributing factors for the development of chronic energy deficiency. Conclusion: In this study, CED is a medium public health problem. The husband’s occupation, postnatal care follow up, and maternal feeding frequency were the contributing factors. Health professionals shall provide health education for pregnant and lactating women’s behavior regarding nutrition and health to improve maternal nutrition.
Keywords
Chronic Energy Deficiency, Lactating Mothers, Prevalence, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Melaku Tadege Engidaw, Alemayehu Digssie Gebremariam, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Desalegn Tesfa Asnakew, Bedilu Abebe Abate, Chronic Energy Deficiency and its Associated Factors Among Lactating Women in Debre Tabor General Hospital, Northcentral Ethiopia, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20190501.11
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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