Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Adults in Nagarjun Municipality of Kathamandu District
Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2019, Pages: 15-21
Received: Jun. 19, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 10, 2019;
Published: Jul. 23, 2019
Views 481 Downloads 159
Sailendra Thapa, Department of Public Health, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
Ridesh Pokharel, Department of Public Health, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
Durga Khadka Mishra, Department of Public Health, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
Rajan Bhusal, Department of Public Health, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
Follow on us
Hypertension plays a persistent role in the causation of coronary heart disease, stroke, and vascular problems. Many factors like dietary, behavioral, psychological, environmental, genetic, etc have a direct or indirect influence on hypertension. The available evidences shows a higher prevalence of hypertension in Nepal. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension among adults of Nagarjun Municipality. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among adults of age 18 and above in Nagarjun municipality. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the risk factors and observation was done to determine blood pressure and anthropometric measurement. The data were entered and analyzed by (SPSS) software version 20. Chi-square test was used to identify the association. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 22.8% and prehypertension was 14.5%. More males were found to have hypertension (28.09%) compared to females (16.67%). Age, sex, religion, socio-economic status, ciggrate smoking, alcohol consumption, BMI, diabetes, family history of hypertension and cardio vascular disease was found to be significantly associated with hypertension. The preventive and intervention measures should be adopted to reduce the behavioral and biological risk factors which are directly related with the causation of hypertension.
Hypertension, Risk Factors, Adults, Nagarjun Municipality
To cite this article
Durga Khadka Mishra,
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Adults in Nagarjun Municipality of Kathamandu District, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2019, pp. 15-21.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Report TS. Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. US Department of Health Human Services. NIH Public: 104.
Global status report on noncommunicable diseases. Vol. Reprinted, World Health Organization. 2010. 176 p.
K. Park. Park’s Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 23rd ed. Jabalpur, 482 001 (M.P.): M/s Banarsidas Bhanot; 2015.925 p.
Stamler R, Stamler J, Riedlinger WF, Algera G, Roberts RH. Family (parental) history and prevalence of hypertension. Results of a nationwide screening program. JAMA [Internet]. 1979 Jan 5 [cited 2019 Jun 29]; 241 (1): 43–6. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/758494
WHO Technical Report Series. Forty-seve. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Library Cataloguing in Publication Data; 1996. 108 p.
Neupane D, McLachlan CS, Sharma R, Gyawali B, Khanal V, Mishra SR, et al. Prevalence of hypertension in member countries of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC): systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore) [Internet]. 2014 Sep [cited 2019 Apr 23]; 93 (13): e74. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25233326
Vaidya A, Pathak RP, Pandey MR. Prevalence of hypertension in Nepalese community triples in 25 years: a repeat cross-sectional study in rural Kathmandu. Indian Heart J [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 Jun 29]; 64 (2): 128–31. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22572484
Elliott WJ. The economic impact of hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) [Internet]. [cited 2019 Jun 29]; 5 (3 Suppl 2): 3–13. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12826765
Aryal KK, Mehata S, Neupane S, Vaidya A, Dhimal M, Dhakal P, et al. The Burden and Determinants of Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors in Nepal: Findings from a Nationwide STEPS Survey. Kirchmair R, editor. PLoS One [Internet]. 2015 Aug 5; 10 (8): e0134834. Available from: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134834
Ritchie H, Roser M. Obesity & BMI. Our World Data [Internet]. 2017 Aug 11 [cited 2019 Jun 29]; Available from: https://ourworldindata.org/obesity
Dhungana RR, Pandey AR, Bista B, Joshi S, Devkota S. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hypertension: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Municipalities of Kathmandu, Nepal. International Journal of Hypertension. 2016 May; 2016: 1–10.
Chataut J, Adhikari RK, Sinha NP. Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in adults living in central development region of Nepal. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2011; 9 (33): 13–8.
Maharjan B. Prevalence and Awareness of Hypertension among Adults and its Related Risk Factors. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council. December., 2017; 15 (3): 242–6.
Manandhar N. Study on Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension at Sipaghat of Sindhupalchowk District, Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Statistics.2017; 1: 73–82.
Dhakal S, Singh R, Naryan Yadav U, Gurung LB. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hypertension among Elderly Population in Dhapasi VDC of Kathmandu District. J Hypertens Open Access [Internet]. 2017 Sep 12 [cited 2018 Nov 24]; 06 (03): 1–4. Available from: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertension-among-elderly-population-in-dhapasi-vdc-of-kathmandu-district-2167-1095-1000242-94156.html
Singh S, Shankar R, Singh GP. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension : A Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Varanasi. International Journal of Hypertension. 2017; 10.
MOHP New ERA and ICF DHS Program. Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2016. 2017; 222–38.
Chataut J, Khanal K, Manandhar K. Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in rural Nepal: A community based study. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2015; 13 (52): 346–50.
Ganesh Kumar S, Deivanai Sundaram N. Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among bank employees in Urban Puducherry. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine .2014; 12 (48): 1–2.
Ganesh KS, Naresh AGV, Bammigatti C, Ks G, Agv N, Bammigatti C. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension Among Male Police Personnel in Urban Puducherry, India. Kathmandu University Medical Journal. 2014; 48 (4): 242–6.