International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 14-21
Received: Mar. 24, 2020;
Accepted: Apr. 9, 2020;
Published: Apr. 23, 2020
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James Keese, Social Sciences Department, Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, USA
Carolina Guzman Vazquez, Social Sciences Department, Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, USA
Maya O’Brien, Social Sciences Department, Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, USA
Brooke Richter, Social Sciences Department, Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, USA
2.8 billion people around the globe continue to use open fires and biomass stoves for cooking and heating. Household air pollution is a serious health hazard, especially for women and children. A solution involves promoting so-called clean fuels such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The purpose of this research is to examine the use of LPG cookstoves in the Cuzco Region of Peru. A specific focus is on the Peruvian government’s FISE gas subsidy program. Surveys were administered to seventy-seven households in four indigenous agriculturalist communities over two different years. The results show the widespread use of gas stoves, but only as a supplement to wood and other biomass. We concluded that FISE is well organized, easy to use, and properly targets low income households. However, while the LPG subsidy program does promote the use of some gas, it is insufficient to prompt a complete fuel switch given current prices and resource availability. This research critiques the energy ladder model for fuel switching, and the results reveal that the use of multiple fuels, or fuel stacking, continues to be the norm. Furthermore, the data suggest an increase in eucalyptus and pine reforestation efforts, which will impact the relative scarcity of fuels, fuel choice, and health in the rural areas of the Cuzco Region.
Carolina Guzman Vazquez,
LPG Cookstove Use and Fuel Subsidies in the Cuzco Region of Peru, International Journal of Sustainable Development Research.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2020, pp. 14-21.
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