Towards an Eco-social Food System: The Shift from Industrial Agriculture to Agro-ecology in South Africa
International Journal of Sustainable Development Research
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 22-29
Received: Apr. 7, 2020;
Accepted: May 6, 2020;
Published: May 28, 2020
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Michael Rudolph, Centre for Ecological Intelligence, Office of the Vice Chancellor, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Evans Muchesa, Research and Project Development, Siyakhana Growth and Development NPO, Johannesburg, South Africa
Florian Kroll, Research and Project Development, Siyakhana Growth and Development NPO, Johannesburg, South Africa
Input-intensive industrial-scale production systems are not sustainable means of addressing issues such as food security, nutrition security and sustainable livelihoods. Several literatures suggest that the solution to world hunger is to diversify agriculture and reorient it around ecological practices. There is considerable evidence that supports agro-ecological farming system ss a viable alternative that can improve food production especially for the most vulnerable farming households. In addition, literature shows that an agro-ecology food system holds the key to increasing dietary diversity at the local level, as well as reducing the multiple health risks from industrial agriculture. This paper is aimed at discussing the benefits of agro-ecology food system and how agricultural support systems can play a role. The emphasis of the paper is the application of the agro-ecology approach in an urban/ peri-urban setting. An evaluation report of City of Johannesburg (CoJ) Food Resilience Programme Evaluation unpublished report (2016), shows that very few households engage in gardening/ urban agriculture either in their backyards or nearby open spaces due to the following reasons; strict city by-laws, no access to land, no knowledge of innovative/alternative farming practices lack of interest and limited resources.
Towards an Eco-social Food System: The Shift from Industrial Agriculture to Agro-ecology in South Africa, International Journal of Sustainable Development Research.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2020, pp. 22-29.
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