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The Influence of Wheel Spoiler Height on Vehicle Drag Reduction
Fluid Mechanics
Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2015, Pages: 11-17
Received: Aug. 29, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 22, 2015; Published: Sep. 28, 2015
Authors
Q. Jia, Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; School of Automotive Studies, Shanghai, China
M. M. Rashidi, Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; ENN-Tongji Clean Energy Institute of Advanced Studies, Shanghai, China
SB. Ju, Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; School of Automotive Studies, Shanghai, China
ZG. Yang, Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; School of Automotive Studies, Shanghai, China
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Abstract
Simplified vehicle has been applied in this paper to study the influence of wheel spoiler height on vehicle drag reduction. Two different conditions including stationary and rotating wheels were employed in numerical simulation with steady RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations. Based on detailed analysis of flow around the wheels and integral curve of vehicle drag, it can be concluded that for both the stationary and rotating conditions, the drag decreased first and then increased as the spoiler height gets bigger. For front wheel spoiler, the optimal wheel spoiler height for stationary conditions lower than rotating one due to different drag reduction mechanism, so in wind tunnel test rotating condition was performed.
Keywords
Automobile, Wheel Spoiler, Aerodynamic Drag, Numerical Simulation
Q. Jia, M. M. Rashidi, SB. Ju, ZG. Yang, The Influence of Wheel Spoiler Height on Vehicle Drag Reduction, Fluid Mechanics. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2015, pp. 11-17. doi: 10.11648/j.fm.20150102.12
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