Establishing Mathematical Model to Predict Ship Resistance Forces
Fluid Mechanics
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 44-53
Received: Oct. 18, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2017; Published: Dec. 5, 2017
Views 1689      Downloads 128
Do Thanh Sen, Maritime Centres of Excellence (Simwave), Barendrecht, The Netherlands
Tran Canh Vinh, Faculty of Navigation, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Article Tools
Follow on us
Resistance forces of water affecting to the ship hull at every single time during ship motions change very complexly. For simulating the ship motion in 6 degrees of freedom on a bridge simulator, these forces need to be calculated. Previous studies showed that resistance forces were estimated by empirical or semi-empirical methods, basic hydrodynamic theory has not solved all components of resistance forces. Moreover, for simulating the ship motions at the initial design stage when experimental value is not available it is necessary to estimate resistance forces by theoretical method. Fully estimating damping forces by theoretical method is a practical challenge. This study aims to find out general equations to reasonably estimate all damping coefficients in 6 degrees of freedom for simulating ship motions on bridge simulators.
Fluid Resistance, Damping Coefficients, Hydrodynamic Coefficient, Mathematical Modeling, Ship Simulation
To cite this article
Do Thanh Sen, Tran Canh Vinh, Establishing Mathematical Model to Predict Ship Resistance Forces, Fluid Mechanics. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2017, pp. 44-53. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fossen, T. I., Handbook of Marine Craft Hydrodynamics and Motion Control. 2011, Norway: Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim, John Wiley & Sons.
Lewandowski, D. M., The Dynamics Of Marine Craft, Maneuvering and Seakeeping, Vol 22. Vol. 22. 2004: World Scientific.
Hooft, J. P. and J. B. M. Pieffers, Manoeuvrability of frigates in waves. Marine Technology, 1998. 25 (4): p. 262-271.
Sobolev, G. V. and K. Fedyayevsky, K., Control and Stability in Ship Design. 1964, Washington DC: Translation of US Dept. of Commerce.
Nil Salvesen, E. O. T. and O. Faltise, Ship Motions and Sealoads. The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, No. 6., 1970.
Hine, G., D. Clarke, and P. Gedling, The Application of Manoeuvring Criteria in Hull Design Using Linear Theory. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 1982.
Lee, T. I., On an Empirical Prediction of Hydrodynamic Coeffcients for Modern Ship Hulls. MARSIM'03, 2003.
Katsuro Kijima, Y. N., On the Practical Prediction Method for Ship Manoeuvring Characteristics.
Clarke, D., A two‐dimensional strip method for surface ship hull derivatives: comparison of theory with experiments on a segmented tanker model. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science 1959-1982, 1972. 1 (23).
Zelazny, K., A Method of Calculation of Ship Resistance on Calm Water Useful at Preliminary Stages of Ship Design. Scientific Journals, 2014. 38 (110): p. 125-130.
Mucha, P., et al., Validation Studies on Numerical Prediction of Ship Squat and Resistance in Shallow Water, in the 4th International Conference on Ship Manoeuvring in Shallow and Confined Water (MASHCON). 2016: Hamberg, Germany.
M. Ahmed, Y., et al., Determining Ship Resistance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Journal of Transport System Engineering, 2015. 2 (1): p. 20-25.
Jaouen, F. A. P., A. H. Koop, and G. B. Vaz, Predicting Roll Added Mass and Damping of a Ship Hull Section Using CFD, in ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, O.a.A. Engineering, Editor. 2011, Marin: Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Yang, B., Z. Wang, and M. Wu, Numerical Simulation of Naval Ship's Roll Damping Based on CFD. Procedia Engineering, 2012. 37: p. 14-18.
Yildiz, B., et al., URANS Prediction of Roll Damping for a Ship Hull Section at Shallow Draft. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 2016. 21: p. 48-56.
Gu, M., et al. Numerical Simulation if the Ship Roll Damping. in the 12th International Conference on the Stability of Ships and Ocean Vehincles. 2015. Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Sathyaseelan, D., G. Hariharan, and G. Kannan, Parameter Identification for Nonlinear Damping Coefficient from Lasrge-smplitude Ship Roll Motion Using Wavelets. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2017. 6: p. 138-144.
Abkowitz, M. A., Lectures on Ship Hydrodynamics – Steering and Maneuverability. 1964, Hydor-og Aerodynamisk Laboratorium, Report No. Hy-5.: Lyngby, Denmark.
Hoerner, S. F., Fluid Dynamic Drag. Hartford House, 1965.
Faltinsen, O. M., Sea Loads on Ships and Offshore Structures. Cambridge University Press., 1990.
Korotkin, A. I., Added Masses of Ship Structure, in Krylov Shipbuilding Research Institute. 2009. p. 51-55, 86-88, 93-96.
Thanh Sen, D. and T. Canh Vinh, Determination of Added Mass and Inertia Moment of Marine Ships Moving in 6 Degrees of Freedom. International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology, 2016. 2 (No. 1): p. 8-14.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931