The Behavior – Milieu Synomorphy of Communal Space in Desa Adat Tenganan Pegringsingan Bali Indonesia
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 11-20
Received: Feb. 22, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 4, 2017;
Published: Mar. 24, 2017
Views 1954 Downloads 103
Wanita Subadra Abioso, Department of Architecture, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia
Sugeng Triyadi, Department of Architecture, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia
Follow on us
Since hundreds of years ago, people of vernacular traditional Desa (Village) Adat (Custom) Tenganan Pegringsingan in Bali Indonesia, perform ritual activities throughout the year besides their non–ritual daily activities, in desa communal space. The activities mostly ritual, have been performed as manifestation of desa people life philosophy called “the cycle of life”, and based on their principles of mutual cooperation and togetherness called “sangkep”. It is not only the activities, but configuration and the lay out of buildings on communal space of desa, considered as persistent as well. In the context of spatial–behavior study, constellation between the activities, desa people, and the use of spaces, shown as a group of many standing pattern of behaviors–physical milieux, in other words circumjacent of physical milieu to standing pattern of behavior and vice versa occur, determine the behavior setting. It is known that the objective of cultural structure can be achieved, when interdependency between standing pattern of behavior with the physical milieu in a setting behavior occurs, called synomorph. The constellation indicates also correlation between behavior–milieu with sangkep, mostly with physical milieu in particular. This possibility comes up since most of buildings, other than housing compound residential units, were designed without or with half full building envelopes then a large amount of continuous space being formed by process of permeation of outdoor spaces into interior space of buildings. Based on those facts this paper is intended to discover the behavior–milieu synomorphy of traditional vernacular village Tenganan Pegringsingan behavior setting. Qualitative research as a source of universal method applied for assessment of whole objects, while descriptive analytical method applied for structuring in order to perform primary and secondary data concerning activities, desa people, and use of spaces. The spatial–behavior theory applied to assess desa communal space, in order to see the effectiveness of behavior–milieu of the communal space through the synomorphy of them. The results can give a new perspective of behavior–milieu synomorphy of different behavior setting, for all this time it has always been in the non–vernacular traditional perspective. Besides to reveal its correlation with sangkep, then the possibilities of evolving the behavior–milieu synomorphy of behavior setting with the more dynamic or endurable physical milieu.
Behavior–Milieu, Communal Space, Sangkep, Synomorphy, Tenganan Pegringsingan
To cite this article
Wanita Subadra Abioso,
The Behavior – Milieu Synomorphy of Communal Space in Desa Adat Tenganan Pegringsingan Bali Indonesia, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2017, pp. 11-20.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A. Mohamed El Husseinya and A. Aly El Husseinyb, Integration of Static and Dynamic Spaces in Historic Cairo: A community spirit that may vanish, Procedia Social and Behavioral Science, AicE-Bs 2012 Cairo ASIA Pacific International Conference on Environment–Behavior Studies Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo Hotel, Giza, Egypt, 31 October–2 November 2012.
A. Rapoport, “House Form and Culture”, Prentice–Hall, Inc. 1969.
D. Schaumann, N. Putievsky Pilosof, K. Date and Y. E. Kalay, “A Study of Human Behavior Simulation in Architectural Design for Healthcare Facilities”, Ann Ist Super Sanità | Vol. 52, No. 1: 24–32 DOI: 10.4415 / ANN_16_01_07, 2016.
H. Heft, J. Hoch, T, Edmunds, and J. Weeks, “Can the Identity of a Behavior Setting Be Perceived Through Patterns of Joint Action? An Investigation of Place Perception”, Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 371–393; doi:10.3390/bs4040371, 2014.
J. Lang, “Creating arhitectural theory, the role of behavioral sciences in environmental design”, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc., 1987.
Lisa de Rooij, “The Perceived Safety and Spatial Behaviour in Three Different Neighbourhoods in Rotterdam”, Akkelies van Nes: University College Bergen & Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, 2015.
P. Memmott and C. Keys, “Translating the Design of Behaviour Settings for Aboriginal Well-Being”, Proceedings of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand Vol. 31 edited by Christoph Schnoor (Auckland, New Zealand SAHANZ and Unitec ePress; and Gold Coast, Queensland: SAHANZ), 2014.
P. Schoggen, “Behavior settings: a revision and extension of Roger G. Barker's ecological psychology”, Stanford California: Standford University Press, 1989, pp 147–190.
S. Provica and NK. Folicb, “Visual perception of public open spaces in niksic”, Procedia Social and Behavioral Science, AicE-Bs 2012 Cairo ASIA Pacific International Conference on Environment–Behavior Studies Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo Hotel, Giza, Egypt, 2012
S. Triyadi and AH. Siregar, “Lesson learnt from vernacular houses of rurukan and tonsealama at minahasa to cope the earthquake”, Journal Asian Transactions on Science & Technology (ATST ISSN: 2221-4283) Volume 01 Issue 05 Nov 2011.
U. Ramseyer, “The Theatre of Universe, Ritual and Art in Tenganan Pegringsingan Bali, Denpasar, 2009.
Y. Ashihara, “Exterior design in architecture, revised edition”, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc., 1981.