Art in the Service of Religion: A Study of Selected Carvers of Ifa Sculptures and Objects in South-Western Nigeria
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 53-62
Received: Nov. 11, 2016;
Accepted: Apr. 21, 2017;
Published: Jun. 16, 2017
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Sanda Francis Ademola, Department of Curriculum and Teaching, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Oladokun Taiwo Olaniyi, Centre for Black and African Civilization, Abuja, Nigeria
Significant works have been done on the religious content, uniqueness and functionality of African art and objects. However, not much has been done on carvers of religious sculptures. This paper therefore provides a fresh historical account on the origin and exponents of wood carving in Oyo Southwestern Nigeria. Two prominent families of traditional religious wood carvers in Oyo were studied: the Oke family of Ebike clan and the Odekunle family. A comparative analysis of the works of the two families was carried out to determine the historical timeline, stylistic and thematic features of their cult wood carving, especially (Ifa cult) in Oyo. Findings revealed the wide margin of variation in the works of the two most prominent carver families in Oyo. Other issues bewildering the survival religious wood carving tradition and traditional art in general in the Nigeria were articulated and suggestions were proffered.
Sanda Francis Ademola,
Oladokun Taiwo Olaniyi,
Art in the Service of Religion: A Study of Selected Carvers of Ifa Sculptures and Objects in South-Western Nigeria, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2017, pp. 53-62.
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