International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 1-9
Received: May 19, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 4, 2018;
Published: Jul. 12, 2018
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Yasser Osman El-Gammal, Permanent Faculty at the Architectural Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zakazik University, Sharkeya, Egypt
Sanaa Ibrahim AbdEl-Maksud, Permanent Faculty at the Architectural Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zakazik University, Sharkeya, Egypt
Ancient Egyptians have left many examples of ruins and discovered buildings that clearly reveal their "Extensive" use of the column as an independent and free standing architecture. The research paper is an attempt for understanding how ancient Egyptians implemented the concept of the column beyond its common use as a structural element. The paper is investigating the implementation of the "Pharaonic" column as a free standing architecture in ancient Egyptian; religious, domestic, military, and administrative buildings. Also, in many of their standalone work of architecture like; avenues, courtyards/plazas, gates, and arcades. Although ancient Egyptians built arches and vaults to carry loads and ceilings; it seems from the examples investigated in this paper that using the column as a structural element was not their major concern at the first place. They were creating visual impressions reflecting the greatness and holiness of their kingdoms through using the "Pharaonic" column as a chief architectural element that does not need to be associated with a building. Unlike other ancient civilizations like the Roman, and Greek empires where columns were mainly used as structural elements, before being used as architectural elements for expressing their ruling power, or as decorative components.
Yasser Osman El-Gammal,
Sanaa Ibrahim AbdEl-Maksud,
The "Pharaonic Column" As Seen by the Pharaohs – (A Free Standing Architecture), International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-9.
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