Assessment of Structural and Conservation Practices on Vernacular Houses of Axum, Ethiopia
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 18-28
Received: Feb. 14, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 19, 2019; Published: May 11, 2019
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Author
Gebremeskel Teweldemedhn Desta, School of Architecture & Urban Planning, Ethiopian Institute of Technology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Historical buildings are one of the physical testimonies of early settlements and civilizations. The creativity of space, form and order of their houses, the techniques and technologies they have used, the methodologies of construction and building material selection is a mirror of the society’s knowledge and wisdom. But, those traditional houses that are heritages of Aksum are not documented yet. In order to document those traditional historical houses, identifying whether it is on its original fabric or transformed is a critical lesson. Therefore the main aim of this study is to investigate the physical condition of the selected vernacular houses and to assess their conservation practices. Using field visit, observations, structured and non-structured questionnaires and interviews, cross checking different data sources are used for qualitative data collections and the data has analyzed. From the selected case studies, most of them their physical structure is not at a good condition because of ownership issues and improper conservation practices due to need of modernization and urbanization like cement plastering, chemical paint, electricity installation and others that affect its original fabric. Responsible parties like governmental offices, universities, professional experts and stakeholders should document the vernacular houses and the conservation practices at different time and they should prepare conservation management plan or guidelines for the specific site to manage the conservation activities and practices. The responsible parties should work with the community in awareness creation to preserve those vernacular houses.
Keywords
Vernacular Houses, Heritage, Structural Assessment, Conservation Practice Assessment, Aksum, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Gebremeskel Teweldemedhn Desta, Assessment of Structural and Conservation Practices on Vernacular Houses of Axum, Ethiopia, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 18-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20190501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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