The Symbolic Meaning of Mosque Architecture as Adaptation to the Residential Environment, in the Social, Economic and Cultural Contexts in Lombok
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 64-81
Received: Sep. 8, 2019; Accepted: Sep. 22, 2019; Published: Oct. 21, 2019
Views 35      Downloads 19
Authors
Taufan Hidjaz, Interior Design Department, Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung, Indonesia
Nurtati Soewarno, Architecture Department, Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung, Indonesia
Detty Fitriany, Interior Design Department, Institut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The island of Lombok in Central Indonesia is native to Muslim Sasak ethnicity, but before 1400 there was still animism with a natural object-oriented housing environment as a symbol of ‘the mother of all places’. After becoming Islam, it was adapted as ‘the mother of waiting space’ with a symbol of mosque architecture. The architecture of the mosque reflects the social, cultural and economic aspects of the people of Lombok. The large number of mosques shows that Islam is dominant in the lives of Sasak people. Its architecture in the early roofs was tile-roofed like a house, changed into a dome to show the identity of Islamic architecture. Intersubjectively the dome is accepted because it matches the shape of the food hood in Sasak culture. Many mosques adapt to high domes and towers, prominently in modest residential environments. This research is to understand the transformation that makes the number of mosques very large in Lombok. Using descriptive-analytical-qualitative methods based on environmental culture analyzes the symbolic meaning of mosque architecture in the Social, Economic and Sasak Cultural contexts.
Keywords
Mosque, Transformation, Cultural Adaptation, Lombok
To cite this article
Taufan Hidjaz, Nurtati Soewarno, Detty Fitriany, The Symbolic Meaning of Mosque Architecture as Adaptation to the Residential Environment, in the Social, Economic and Cultural Contexts in Lombok, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 64-81. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20190503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Ehab Nasr Elden Ahmed Mohamed, 2014, “Islamic Architectural Character Between egitimacy and Disparity”, Journal of Islamic Architecture Volume 3 Issue 1 June 2014. P-ISSN: 2086-2636 E-ISSN: 2356-4644. Journal Home Page: http://ejournal.uin- malang.ac.id/index.php/JIA
[2]
Ben Stringer, 2017, “Architecture and Culture: A Villages and Globalization Issue” Taylor and Francis Journal Architecture and Culture.
[3]
Omar S. Asfour, 2016, “Bridging the Gap Between the Past and the Present: a Reconsideration of Mosque Architectural Elements”, Journal of Islamic Architecture, DOI 10.18860/jia.v4i2.3559.
[4]
Spahic Omer, 2012, “The Concepts of God, Man, and the Environment in Islam: Implications for Islamic Architecture “Journal of Islamic Architecture, DOI 10.18860/jia.v2i1.1778
[5]
R. Hillenbrand, 1994, “Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning”, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
[6]
Sumaiya Ahmed, 2016 "Mosque Architecture or Architecture of Mosque: a New Notions of Bengal During the Muslim Rule” Journal of Islamic Architecture, DOI: 10.18860/jia.v4i1.3167.
[7]
Putra, Nengah et al, "Cultural Awareness About Spaces in Society, in the NTB Region (A Study of the Adaptation Process)", Regional Cultural Inventory and Documentation Project, Prop NTB, Mataram, Ministry of Education and Culture, 1985/1986.
[8]
The Village Empowerment, Population and Civil Registry Office of Nusa Tenggara Barat Province, 2017, “Daftar Mesjid Jamiq dan Mesjid Biasa di Propinsi NTB”.
[9]
Ayat Ali Yassin, Nangkula Utaberta, 2012, “Architecture in the Islamic Civilization: Muslim Building or Islamic Architecture”, Journal of Islamic Architecture, Volume 3, Number 2, 1 July 2012, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1386/ijia.7.2.229_2
[10]
Jonathan M Bloom, Sheila Blair, 2009, “The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture Volume 2”.
[11]
Keppel Archibald Cameron Creswell, 2005, "Thematic Encyclopedia of the Islamic World 4: Thought and Civilization".
[12]
Becker, Elisabeth, 2019 “Reconstructing the Muslim Self in Diaspora: Socio-Spatial Practices in Urban European Mosques”International Journal of Islamic Architecture, Volume 8, Number 2, 1 July 2019, pp. 389-414 (26) Publisher: Intellect DOI: https://doi.org/10.1386/ijia.8.2.389_1.
[13]
Syahdan, 2000, “Code-Switching in the Speech of Elite Sasaks”, in Peter K Austin (ed), Sasak: Working Papers in Sasak, vol. 2, Department of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, The University of Melbourne.
[14]
Lalu Lukman, 2006, "Sasak Customary Cultural Arrangements in Lombok", NTB Mataram State Museum.
[15]
Yasser Mahgoub, “Architecture and the expression of cultural identity in Kuwait” International Journal of Architecture and Culture, Pages 165-182 | Published online: 16 May 2007 https://doi.org/10.1080/13602360701363486.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186