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Research on Educational Architecture in Huainan Salt District of Jiangsu in Qing Dynasty
International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications
Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 75-82
Received: Dec. 14, 2020; Published: Dec. 16, 2020
Views 74      Downloads 38
Authors
Xiaoli Zhang, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Kui Zhao, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
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Abstract
The Qing Dynasty was the most prosperous period of Huainan's salt industry, and it was also the time when the educational buildings in the salt district achieved more development. Not only has the number of educational architectures increased, but the proportion of higher education buildings has also gradually increased. At present, the academic circles have made more in-depth research on ancient educational architecture, with many research achievements, the study on educational buildings in the Huainan Salt Region in the Qing Dynasties has not been fully developed. Only a few scholars have mentioned it slightly when studying salt towns. And it is limited to a simple introduction. As for the development, location, layout, and form of educational buildings in the Huainan Salt District, the in-depth content has not been involved. However, educational architectures are not only the carrier of cultural construction and development in the Huainan Salt District in the Qing Dynasties, but also one of the important factors affecting the development of salt settlements. Research on educational buildings in the salt districts is the starting point for a comprehensive study of the ancient sea salt settlement system, which has significant research value. This paper uses the interpretation method of historical documents to analyze the literature of the Qing Dynasty, such as "Chronicle of the Lianghuai sea salt industry" and "Chronicle of the Local". Use the time development as the vertical axis, making vertical comparisons, and studying the development and evolution of educational buildings in salt-producing towns, use the geographical scope as the horizontal axis, conducting a horizontal comparison, and studying the location and layout of educational architectures. On this basis, the relationship between the development of educational buildings and the evolution of the spatial form of salt-producing towns has been established, to fill the gaps in academic research on the educational architecture in the Huainan Salt District. At the same time, it also lays the foundation for the subsequent research on the sea salt settlement system.
Keywords
Salt-producing Towns, Educational Buildings, Site Selection and Layout, Huainan Salt District
To cite this article
Xiaoli Zhang, Kui Zhao, Research on Educational Architecture in Huainan Salt District of Jiangsu in Qing Dynasty, International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 75-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20200604.12
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