Applications of Molecular Markers in Animal Breeding: A review
American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Sep. 9, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 16, 2015; Published: Sep. 18, 2015
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Authors
Firas R. Al-Samarai, Dep. Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Abdulkareem A. Al-Kazaz, Dep. Biotechnology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
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Abstract
The dramatic development of molecular genetics has laid the groundwork for genomics. The applications of the new generations of molecular markers represent amazing tools for the genetic improvement of farm animals. These markers provide more accurate genetic information and better knowledge of the animal genetic resources. Scientists, who are unfamiliar with the different molecular techniques, need to know more about these techniques concerning applications, types, advantages and disadvantages. This review represents an attempt to highlight the different types of molecular markers by introducing a brief summary on the development of genetic markers including both the classical genetic markers and more advanced DNA-based molecular markers.This review could be helpful to better understand the characteristics of different genetic markers and its role in specifying the genetic diversity of animal genetic resources.
Keywords
Microsatellite, Molecular Markers, Genome, Polymorphism
To cite this article
Firas R. Al-Samarai, Abdulkareem A. Al-Kazaz, Applications of Molecular Markers in Animal Breeding: A review, American Journal of Applied Scientific Research. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20150101.11
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