American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 80-86
Received: Jul. 5, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 18, 2017;
Published: Nov. 28, 2017
Views 2844 Downloads 174
Meseret Getnet Meharie, Department of Civil Engineering, Pan African University Institute for Basic Sciences, Technology and Innovation, Nairobi, Kenya; Department of Construction Technology and Management, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia
James Wambua Kaluli, Department of Civil Engineering, Pan African University Institute for Basic Sciences, Technology and Innovation, Nairobi, Kenya
Zachary Abiero-Gariy, Department of Civil Engineering, Pan African University Institute for Basic Sciences, Technology and Innovation, Nairobi, Kenya
Nandyala Darga Kumar, Department of Civil Engineering, Fiji National University (FNU), Samabula, Suva, Fiji Islands
Self-healing concrete is the ability of concrete to repair its cracks autogenously or autonomously. Since some years ago, several studies have been conducted towards the improvement of self-healing efficiency of cracked concrete structures through various methods for the betterment of its application. However, there is a need to prepare a thorough review report on the factors that affect self-healing efficiency of concrete. This paper focusses a review on several factors that affect the self-repairing efficiency of self-healing smart concrete from the extant recent literature. Based on the review carried out, it can be concluded that formation of CaCO3 or Ca (OH) 2 in natural process, the dosage of capsule and type of healing agent in chemical process, and the type of bacteria and precipitation of CaCO3 in biological process of self-healing are the most vivid factors. It can also be summarised as better self-healing efficiency is achieved during early age of concrete, with narrower cracks, higher concentration of Ca2+ ions, optimum thickness of capsule shell and dosage of capsule.
Meseret Getnet Meharie,
James Wambua Kaluli,
Nandyala Darga Kumar,
Factors Affecting the Self-Healing Efficiency of Cracked Concrete Structures, American Journal of Applied Scientific Research.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2017, pp. 80-86.
Alessandra Formia, Sara Irico, Federica Bertola, Fulvio Canonico, Paola Antonaci, Nicola Maria Pugno and Jean-Marc Tulliani (2016): Experimental analysis of self-healing cement-based materials incorporating extruded cementitious hollow tubes. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. Vol. 27 (19) 2633–2652. jim.sagepub.com
Amirreza Talaiekhozani, Muhd. Zaimi Abd Majid, Mohamad Ali Fulazzaky and Chew Tin Lee (2014): A Review of Self-healing Concrete Research Development. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages: 1-11.
Baoguo Han, Yunyang Wang, Sufen Dong, Liqing Zhang, Siqi Ding, Xun Yu and Jinping Ou (2015) Smart concretes and structures. A review. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 26 (11) 1303–1345.
Chintalapudi Karthik, Rama Mohan Rao (2016): Properties of Bacterial-based Self-healing Concrete- A review. International Journal of ChemTech Research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG ISSN: 0974-4290 Vol. 9, No. 02 pp 182-188.
Chunxiang Qian, Huaicheng Chen, Lifu Ren and Mian Luo (2015) Self-healing of early age cracks in cement-based materials by mineralization of carbonic anhydrase microorganism. Frontiers in Microbiology. Original Research. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01225.
Didier Snoeck, Kim Van Tittelboom, Stijn Steuperaert, Peter Dubruel and Nele De Belie (2014) Self-healing cementitious materials by the combination of microfibres and superabsorbent polymers. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 2014, Vol 25 (1) 13–24. DOI: 10.1177/1045389 X12438623.
Haoliang Huang and Guang Ye (2013): The effects of capsules on self-healing efficiency in cementitious materials. 2nd International conference on Microstructural-related Durability of Cementitious Composites. ISBN: 978-2-35158-129-2.
Haoliang Huang and Guang Ye (2015): Self-healing of cracks in cement paste affected by additional Ca2+ ions in the healing agent. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. Vol. 26 (3) 309–320. jim.sagepub.com.
Haoliang Huang and Guang Ye (2016) Numerical Studies of the Effects of Water Capsules on Self-Healing Efficiency and Mechanical Properties in Cementitious Materials. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. Article ID 8271214, 10 pages.
Heesup Choi, Masumi Inoue, Sukmin Kwon, Hyeonggil Choi, and Myungkwan Lim (2016) Effective crack control of concrete by self-healing of cementitious composites using synthetic fiber. Journal of Materials 2016, 9, 248; doi: 10.3390/ma9040248 www.mdpi.com/journal/materials.
J. Y. Wang, H. Soens, W. Verstraete, N. De Belie (2014) Self-healing concrete by use of microencapsulated bacterial spores. Cement and Concrete Research 56 (2014) 139–152.
Kim Van Tittelboom and Nele De Belie (2013) Self-Healing in Cementitious Materials—A Review. Journal of Materials 2013, 6, 2182-2217; doi: 10.3390/ma6062182.
Li Sun, Dezhi Liang, Qianqian GAO, and Jianhong Zhou (2013) Analysis on Factors Affecting the Self-Repair Capability of SMA Wire Concrete Beam. Hindawi Publishing Corporation – Journal of Mathematical Problems in Engineering. Volume 2013, Article ID 138162, 6 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/138162.
Mian Luo, Chun-Xiang Quan and Rui-Yang Li (2015) Factors affecting crack repairing capacity of bacteria-based self-healing concrete. Article in Construction and Building Materials 87. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.03.117.
Min Wu, Björn Johannesson, and Mette Geiker (2012) A review: Self-healing in cementitious materials and engineered cementitious composite as a self-healing material. Construction and Building Materials 28 (2012) 571–583.
Mohamed Hussein Fawzy (2016) Effectiveness of Self-Healing in Repair of Strategic Concrete Structures “A Simplified Model”. MSc Theses. The American University in Cairo School of Sciences and Engineering.
Mukunda Madhab Borah and Nayanmoni Chetia (2016) A Review on Self-Healing Concrete. International Conference on Advanced Material Technologies (ICAMT)-2016.
Mustafa Şahmaran, Gürkan Yildirim, Rezhin Noori, Erdogan Ozbay and Mohamed Lachemi (2015) Repeatability and Pervasiveness of Self-Healing in Engineered Cementitious Composites. ACI Materials Journal, 112 (4).
Salmabanu Luhar, Suthar Gourav (2015) A Review Paper on Self-Healing Concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering Research 2015, 5 (3): 53-58.
Sandra S Lucas, Max von Tapavicza, Annette M Schmidt, Ju ¨rgen Bertling and Anke Nellesen (2016) Study of quantification methods in selfhealing ceramics, polymers and concrete: A route towards standardization. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. Vol. 27 (19) 2577–2598.
Serguey V Zemskov, Henk M Jonkers and Fred J Vermolen (2014): A mathematical model for bacterial self-healing of cracks in concrete. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. Vol 25 (1) 4–12. DOI: 10.1177/1045389 X12437887. jim.sagepub.com
Sini Bhaskar (2016) Self-Healing Bacterial Cementitious Concrete Composites: Development and Performance Evaluation. PhD Dissertation. Department of Civil Engineering, Ryerson University. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
S. Van Der Zwaag, N. H. Van Dijk, H. M. Jonkers, S. D. Mookhoek 1 and W. G. Sloof (2009) Self-healing behaviour in man-made engineering materials: bioinspired but taking into account their intrinsic character. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A (2009) 367, 1689–1704. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2009.0020.
Svenja Kristin Reinke (2012) Polyurea/Polyurethane Microcapsules Based Self-healing Concrete. MSc Theses. University of Rhode Island.
Tomoya Nishiwaki, Sukmin Kwon, Daisuke Homma, Makoto Yamada and Hirozo Mihashi (2014) Self-Healing Capability of Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites for Recovery of Water-tightness and Mechanical Properties. Journal of Materials 2014, 7, 2141-2154; doi: 10.3390/ma7032141.
Yingzi Yang, En-Hua Yang and Victor C. Li (2011) Autogenous healing of engineered cementitious composites at early age. Cement and Concrete Research 41 (2011) 176–183.
Yongjing Wang, Duc Truong Pham and Chunqian Ji (2015) Self-healing composites: A review. Cogent Engineering (2015), 2: 1075686.