Effect of Temperature on the Synthesis of Methyl Ester via the Transesterification of Waste Black Seed Oil and Castor Seed Oil Admixture
American Journal of Applied Scientific Research
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 17-20
Received: Oct. 29, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 11, 2018; Published: Apr. 13, 2019
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Authors
Bello Yunusa Makama, Division of Science, Technology, and Mathematics, American University of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan
Wahidullah Azizi, Division of Science, Technology, and Mathematics, American University of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan
Suraya Azizi, Division of Science, Technology, and Mathematics, American University of Afghanistan, Kabul, Afghanistan
Musbahu Rabiu, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science & Science Education, Kano University of Science & Technology, Wudil, Nigeria
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Abstract
There is an increasing attempt in biodiesel production (fatty acid methyl ester) because of the depleting fossil fuel resources as well as the similarity in properties when compared to those of diesel fuels. Engines set off on biodiesel have lower emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, and air toxics than engines runned on petroleum-based diesel fuel. We reported the optimization of Coconut oil methyl esters production via methyl ester from black oil/castor seed oils admixture under various operating conditions. The optimum yield, temperature, catalyst concentration and reaction time were found to be 93%, 60°C, 1.0% (wt of crude oil admixture) and 60 minutes respectively. Many fuel properties (viscosity, specific gravity and flash point) as measured according to standard methods, also found to conform to international standard.
Keywords
Black Seed and Castor Oil Admixture, Transesterification, Temperature
To cite this article
Bello Yunusa Makama, Wahidullah Azizi, Suraya Azizi, Musbahu Rabiu, Effect of Temperature on the Synthesis of Methyl Ester via the Transesterification of Waste Black Seed Oil and Castor Seed Oil Admixture, American Journal of Applied Scientific Research. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 17-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ajasr.20190501.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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