Examining the Impact of Novel Pre-activity Tasks on Macro-Skills: The Case of Visual Aids Strategy on Writing Ability
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 401-408
Received: Oct. 19, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 27, 2015; Published: Nov. 13, 2015
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Authors
Hooshang Khoshsima, English Language Department, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran
Mahboobeh Khosravani, English Language Department, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran
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Abstract
The main concern of most researchers in the field of second and foreign language teaching is lessening the problems and eliminating the hinders on the way of learning a language. Writing is considered as one of the most challenging and complicated tasks for learners to perform particularly when they have to write in a second or foreign language. In fact, writing is difficult for students as it demands other linguistic, cognitive and metacognitive strategies to be used (Rao, 2007). Numerous studies were done on the importance of the pre-writing stage and activities which are directly and indirectly related to the theme of the writing. Go (1994) states that teachers of English as a Second Language can use prewriting activities at the earliest stages of instruction to help their students acquire good language skills. The main aim of this study was to examine the effects of visual aids as a pre- activity task on writing ability. To this aim 25 Iranian EFL learners, who are at the same level –intermediate- studying at Shokuh and Safir Institutes, Birjand, Iran were chosen. Two groups- one control and one experimental group- were studied. In control group the conventional method was used, while in experimental group, visual aids pre-activity task was administered. Both groups met the same level -Intermediate. At the end, the obtained data of the tests was analyzed by SPSS software. According to the obtained data researcher strongly concluded that visual aids had strongly a positive effect on the learners’ writing ability. This study can help teachers and syllabus designers in choosing and applying an effective pre-activity task.
Keywords
Writing Ability, Pre-Task, Visual Aids, EFL Learners
To cite this article
Hooshang Khoshsima, Mahboobeh Khosravani, Examining the Impact of Novel Pre-activity Tasks on Macro-Skills: The Case of Visual Aids Strategy on Writing Ability, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 401-408. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20150306.23
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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