International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 121-126
Received: Jul. 10, 2017;
Accepted: Jul. 17, 2017;
Published: Aug. 2, 2017
Views 2618 Downloads 70
Ghada Alkuwaihes, Department of Language & Linguistic Science, University of York, York, United Kingdom; Department of English, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Research into vocative exclamatives (VocEs) is based on the traditional grammar of Standard Arabic (SA) which considers the structure of VocEs to be like that of vocatives due to the use of the vocative particle yā. The problem with this traditional view lies in the fact that it only accounts for VocEs in terms of their similarity to vocatives, and identifies only one type of VocEs with the particle yā that exists in SA. However, other types of VocEs, their underlying structure and derivation have not been given much attention. Therefore, this paper examines the syntactic structure and the derivation of vocative exclamatives in Gulf Arabic with the particle ʔaya which does not exist in SA. It provides an analysis of the data within the Minimalist Framework and sheds light on the main differences between their structure and that of vocatives in terms of definiteness and projection.
The Derivation of Vocative Exclamatives with the Particle ʔaya in Gulf Arabic, International Journal of Language and Linguistics.
Vol. 5, No. 5,
2017, pp. 121-126.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Alkuwaihes, G. (2016). Rethinking vocative and vocative exclamative particles in Arabic. Proceedings of LILA’16: International Linguistics and Language Studies Conference, pp. 241-248. DAKAM.
Alshamari, M. (2017). The syntax of the clause-initial particle ʁedɪ in North Hail Arabic, in press. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics.
Biberauer, T; Haegeman, L; and Kemenade, A. van, 2014. Putting our heads together: towards a syntax of particles. Studia Linguistica 68 (1), pp. 1-15.
Brustad, K. (2000). The syntax of spoken Arabic: A comparative study of Moroccan, Egyptian, Syrian, and Kuwaiti dialects. Georgetown University Press.
Chernilovskaya, A. (2010). Exclamatives have a question semantics! In Presentation at the 6th International Symposium of Cognition, Logic and Communication “Formal Semantics and Pragmatics: Discourse, Context, and Models”, Riga, Latvia.
Chomsky, N. (1995). The minimalist program, Volume 28. Cambridge University Press.
d Avis, F. J. (2002). On the interpretation of wh-clauses in exclamative environments. Information Structure and the Referential Status of Linguistic Expressions (2001): 1.
Elliott, D. E. (1974). Toward a grammar of exclamations. Foundations of Language, 231–246.
Fehri, A. F. (1999). Arabic modifying adjectives and DP structures. Studia Linguistica 53(2), 105–154.
Hassan, A. (2010). An-nahw Al-waffi” The Comprehensive Syntax” (17 ed.), Volume 3. Cairo: Dar Al-Ma’aref.
Hill, V. (2007). Vocatives and the pragmatics–syntax interface. Lingua 117(12), 2077–2105.
Hill, V. (2013). Vocatives: How syntax meets with pragmatics. Brill.
Jónsson, J. G. (2017). Discourse particles and hvað-exclamatives. In V. S. Josef Bayer (Ed.), Discourse Particles: Formal Approaches to Their Syntax and Semantics, pp. 100–104. De Gruyter.
Portner, P. and R. Zanuttini (2000). The force of negation in wh exclamatives and interrogatives. Negation and polarity: syntactic and semantic perspectives, 193–231.
Rett, J. (2011). Exclamatives, degrees and speech acts. Linguistics and Philosophy 34(5), 411–442.
Rooth, M. (1992). A theory of focus interpretation. Natural language semantics 1(1), 75–116.
Ryding, K. C. (2005). A reference grammar of modern standard Arabic. Cambridge University Press.
Ryding, K. C. (2014). Arabic: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Sibawayh, A. (1977). Al-Kitaab” The Book”. Cairo, Dar Al-Qalam Press.
Tsoulas, G; 2015. On the syntax and morpho pragmatics of particles: The case of Greek. University of York, unpublished.
Tsoulas, G. and Alexiadou, A; 2006. On the grammar of the Greek particle Re: A preliminary investigation. Sprache und Datenverarbeitung 30(1), pp. 47–56.
Winkler, S. (2005). Ellipsis and focus in generative grammar, Volume 81. Walter de Gruyter.
Winkler, S. and K. Schwabe (2003). Exploring the interfaces from the perspective of omitted structures. The interfaces: Deriving and interpreting omitted structures, 1–26.
Zanuttini, R. and P. Portner (2003). Exclamative clauses: At the syntax-semantics interface. Language, 39–81.