A Comparative Study of a Multi-Dimension/Multi-Feature Approach Between Chinese Debate and Speech
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 163-172
Received: Aug. 8, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 10, 2018; Published: Oct. 12, 2018
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Liu Yanchun, Faculty of Literature and Law, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
Hu Fengguo, Faculty of Literature and Law, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
Zhao Yi, Academy of Media and Public Affairs, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
Qiu Le, Faculty of Literature and Law, Communication University of China, Beijing, China
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This study compares and analyzes Chinese debate and speech from the perspective of registers, which makes itself significant since it fills the gaps in the field. This paper is based on a self-built corpus and refers in Biber’s Multi-dimension/Multi-feature Approach. The quantitative statistical results show that there are 44 significant differences among the 65 linguistic features of debate and speech registers, and that these feature differences, from the macroscopic view, can be summarized into 8 different dimensions, which, to be specific, are known respectively as Multi-directional Interaction VS Single-directional Communication, Demonstrative VS Narrative, Intense Confrontation VS Deliberate Storytelling, Centralized Focuses VS Dispersing Contents, Precise Expressions VS Diverse Methods of Expressions, Informative VS Affective, Specialized VS Universal, along with Literate Style VS Oral Style. Why there are these linguistic features and dimensional differences between the two registers is also explained. It could be fair to say that this study makes a breakthrough on the basis of Biber’s research which mainly put its focus on linguistic features at the lexical, syntactic perspectives. And that is to advance comparing linguistic features between debate and speech registers to perspectives of phonetics and speeds. Yet it has its deficiency for failing to conduct factor analysis in the process of dimension induction due to the limited volume of text corpus.
Debate, Speech, Multi-dimension, Multi-feature, Comparison
To cite this article
Liu Yanchun, Hu Fengguo, Zhao Yi, Qiu Le, A Comparative Study of a Multi-Dimension/Multi-Feature Approach Between Chinese Debate and Speech, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2018, pp. 163-172. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20180605.14
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