Oral Corrective Feedback and Its Impact on Learners’ Speaking Skills: Tunisian EFL Students as a Case Study
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 138-149
Received: Apr. 3, 2019; Accepted: May 11, 2019; Published: Jun. 12, 2019
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Author
Ounis Tesnim, English Department, Faculty of Letters and Humanities of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
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Abstract
The present research paper tries to discover the effect of teachers’ oral corrective feedback (OCF) on EFL learners’ speaking skills (grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and fluency). The study relies on the use of an experimental design and direct observations. 20 participants formed the experimental group. All subjects are intermediate foreign language learners of English (EFL). They are given an initial pre-test. Then, this experimental group undergoes intensive oral corrective feedback (mainly through prompts, recasts and explicit correction) delivered by their teacher during various oral activities. Finally, a post-test is applied. The analysis of the pre-test and post-test scores of the experimental group both quantitavely and qualitatively (using the MELA-Scoring Matrix) and the calculation of the mean rate of errors pre 100 words shows that learners’ progress in oral performances vary from one individual to another. The findings of this study reveal that immediate and explicit OCF was able to positively affect EFL learners’ grammatical development; yet, it was not helpful to ameliorate the learners’ utterances in terms of vocabulary, fluency and pronunciation.
Keywords
Oral Corrective Feedback, Immediate Corrective Feedback, Intermediate EFL Learners, Speaking Skills
To cite this article
Ounis Tesnim, Oral Corrective Feedback and Its Impact on Learners’ Speaking Skills: Tunisian EFL Students as a Case Study, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 138-149. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20190703.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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