A Case Study of Transitivity Analysis of Trump’s Winning Speech Based on Systematic Functional Grammar
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages: 150-157
Received: Apr. 2, 2019; Accepted: May 23, 2019; Published: Jul. 2, 2019
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Authors
Li Jing, Foreign Languages Department, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin, China
Li Fengjie, Foreign Languages Department, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin, China
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Abstract
The systematic functional grammar proposed by Halliday has profound influence on the linguistic theory research in the second half of the 20th century. Halliday believes language has three meta-functions: ideational function, interpersonal function and textual function. The ideational function is to convey new information, to communicate a content that is unknown to the hearer. The ideational function mainly consists of transitivity and voice. Transitivity is simply the grammar of the clause in its ideational aspect. It consists of six different processes: Material process, Behavioral process, Mental process, Verbal process, Relational process and Existential process. Political speech is an important form of public speech and it plays an extremely important role in political life. Based on Halliday’s ideational functional theory, the thesis selects Trump’s winning speech and analyzes it from the perspective of transitivity system. The main purpose of the article is to analyze Trump’s language skills, and at the same time, provide a research idea and method for readers to interpret political speech discourse. This article revolves around the following two questions: 1. How are the six processes distributed in Trump’s winning speech? 2. What are the functions of the six processes in Trump’s speech? Based on these two questions, this paper conducts statistics on speech through quantitative and qualitative analysis. Through analysis, the author finds that there are three processes used frequently. They are relational process (35%), material process (30%), mental process (24%) in turn. While the verbal process (8%), the behavioral process (2%), and the existential process (1%) are very low frequency. This is because of Trump’s speech intention. As a new president, he needs to express his own ideas, clarify his position and policies affecting people’s emotions, call for public support, and clarify his vision and plan for the future of the United States.
Keywords
Ideational Function, Transitivity, Trump’s Winning Speech
To cite this article
Li Jing, Li Fengjie, A Case Study of Transitivity Analysis of Trump’s Winning Speech Based on Systematic Functional Grammar, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 150-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20190704.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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