Franz Kafka’s The Castle: A Foucauldian Reading
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013, Pages: 63-67
Received: Nov. 30, 2013; Published: Dec. 30, 2013
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Authors
Afrouz Yari, M. A. of English Literature, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran
Shahram Afrougheh, Assistant Professor of English Literature, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran
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Abstract
This study detects the notion of “power” in The Castle by Franz Kafka throughout the idea of Foucauldian hierarchy, oppression, power, knowledge and resistance. Kafka in this novel shows man’s futile attempts to overcome the powerful impact of industrialism and its domination over man’s life. The Castle is a societal network and shows the characters in action in a way that strengthens and empowers a capitalist society. In Foucauldian sense, power unconsciously produces and controls everything; it necessarily does not lead to despotism. However, this power makes awareness in the public which can be seen in Kafka’s characters in this novel. In this research, the incidents taking place in The Castle will be depicted, and as a matter of fact, this study makes use of these events to magnify the abuse of power in a capitalist society. In addition, another main purpose in this research is to show how Kafka has magnified the characters institutionalized and their separation from the society. Particular focus is given to the role of Other's power that separates oppression, resistance, and hierarchy among people to promote his normalized knowledge.This paper attempts tomake a sociological study on Kafka’s The Castle.
Keywords
Hierarchy, Oppression, Power, Knowledge, Resistance
To cite this article
Afrouz Yari, Shahram Afrougheh, Franz Kafka’s The Castle: A Foucauldian Reading, International Journal of Literature and Arts. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2013, pp. 63-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ijla.20130103.18
References
[1]
Darrow, Robert Arnold. Kierkegaard, Kafka and the Strength of the Absurd in Abraham’s Sacrifice of Isaac. Maryland: Johns Hopkins University, 2005.
[2]
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Harmondsworth: 1991
[3]
Mills, Sara. Michel Foucault. London: Routledge, 2003.
[4]
Robertson, Ritchie. The Castle.Trans. Anthea Bell. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
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