Giffordian Post-pastoral and Loss of Innocence in William Blake’s the Little Boy Lost and the Little Boy Found
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 35-39
Received: Jan. 19, 2014;
Published: Feb. 28, 2014
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Mohsen Zohrab Baigy, M.A. Student of English Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran
Bahman Zarrinjooee, Assistant Professor of English Language and Literature, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd Branch, Iran
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This article aims to explore loss of innocence in William Blake’s the Little Boy Lost and the Little Boy Found, from Songs of Innocence (1789) based on Gifordian Post-pastoral theory through interpreting three fundamental features. The analysis of these poems from this perspective considers the exploitation of the planet similar to the exploitation of minorities, awareness of nature as culture and of culture as nature, and the convergence of consciousness and conscience. Regarding Gifordian Post-pastoral attitudes, one might find how Blake dealt with the notions such as Innocence and Industrialization, which have been interlinked, in his poems. Blake represents a situation in which the state of innocent children is thoughtfully portrayed against the economic and political dominance of British capitalism. Having an eye on the viewpoints of Raymond Williams, (1921-1988), this paper clarifies the destructive function of capitalism which subjugates, exploits and victimizes the children in an unbearable working condition as cheap labours. Moreover, this paper sheds more light on Blake’s poems as the implication of New Jerusalem to that quality of unidealised awe, and shows how Blake argues that the pure nature of all children is supposed to be admired as equal to culture. Finally, this article deals with the spiritual Heaven as compensation for the alienation of innocent children throughout the world of materiality.
Post-pastoral, Innocence, Industrialization, Exploitation, Capitalism, New Jerusalem, Heaven
To cite this article
Mohsen Zohrab Baigy,
Giffordian Post-pastoral and Loss of Innocence in William Blake’s the Little Boy Lost and the Little Boy Found, International Journal of Literature and Arts.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 35-39.
Blake, William. Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. Ed. Philip Smith. Dover Publications; 1992.
Gifford, Terry. Pastoral. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America. Oxford: Oxford Up, 1964.
Williams Raymond. The Country and the City. New York: Oxford UP, 1973.
Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. New York: Oxford UP, 1976.
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