Misrepresentation, Resistance and (Re) Constructing Space in the Plays of Bate Besong and Ngugi Wa Thiong’o and Micere Gathae Mugo
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 233-239
Received: May 24, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 15, 2020; Published: Jul. 4, 2020
Views 208      Downloads 58
Emmanuel Nchia Yimbu, Department of English, Faculty of Arts, University of Buea, South West Region, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper examines resistance to both colonial and neo-colonial oppression, exploitation, dictatorship and marginalisation as an authorial ideology in the plays of Bate Besong, Ngugi Wa Thiong’o and Micere Gathae Mugo. In an attempt to (re) construct their misrepresented identities and create a conducive environment for the oppressed and marginalised masses, the playwrights create in their plays, characters whose principal objectives are to radically dismantle all forms of socio-cultural, economic and historical inequalities as an attempt to emancipate themselves and the masses from the excesses of colonial and neo-colonial leadership politics. Consequently, resistance is projected in the plays under study as an ancestral imperative, a social expectation and a pressing personal need towards reconstructing space for the postcolonial masses. From a Marxist and Postcolonial theoretical paradigms, this paper sustains the argument that in the plays of Besong, Ngugi and Micere, there is a radical and contestatory content and this is initiated by the kind of nauseating images and stereotypical representations given to the oppressed masses by colonial and neo-colonial leadership. The analysis in this paper reveals that resistance becomes a pivotal alternative and a condition sine qua non for the Anglophone Cameroonian and Kenyan masses to liberate their societies from the bondage imposed by colonialist in partnership with the neo-colonialist. As a result, resistance as an ideology becomes unavoidable towards deconstruction, deligitimacy and reassertion of the historical and cultural identities of the postcolonial people.
Misrepresentation, Resistance, Reconstruction, Postcolonial Drama
To cite this article
Emmanuel Nchia Yimbu, Misrepresentation, Resistance and (Re) Constructing Space in the Plays of Bate Besong and Ngugi Wa Thiong’o and Micere Gathae Mugo, International Journal of Literature and Arts. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 233-239. doi: 10.11648/j.ijla.20200804.18
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
AMBANASOM, S. A. Education of the Deprived. Yaounde: Yaounde Publishing House, 2003.
AMBE. N. Hilarious. Change Aesthetics in Anglophone Cameroon Drama and Theatre. Bayreuth: Roseh Brich, 2007.
ASHCROFT, Bill et al., (eds). The Post- Colonial Studies Readers. London: Rutledge, 1995.
BESONG, Bate. Requiem for the Last Kaiser. Calabar: Centaur Publishers, 1991. Once Upon Four Great Lepers. Yaounde: Edition Cle, 2003. Beasts of No Nation. Yaounde: Edition Clé, 2003.
BHABHA, K. Homi. “Signs Taken for Wonders” in The Post-colonial Studies Readers. London: Routlege, 1995, pp. 29–35.
BUTAKE, Bole. Family Saga. Yaounde: Edition Cle, 2005.
CANTALUPO, Charles. (ed). The World of Ngugi Wa Thiong’o. New Jersey: African World Press Inc, 1993.
CLOUGH, S. Marshall. Mau Mau Memoirs. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc., 1998.
COOK, David et al. Ngugi Wa Thiong’o: An Exploration of His Writings. London: HEB, 1997.
EAGLETON, Terry. Marxism and Literary Criticism. London: Methuen and Co, 1976.
HARLOW, Barbara. Resistance Literature. London: Methuen lnc, 1987.
NKENGASONG, J. Nkemngong. Black Caps and Red Feathers. Bamenda: Patron Publishing House, 2001.
NGUGI, wa Thiong’o & Micere, Gathae Mugo. The Trial of Dedan Kimathi. London: Heinemann, 1976. & Ngugi Wa Mirri. I Will Marry When I Want. London. Heinemanne, 1982. Writers in Politics. London: Heinemann, 1982.
NYAMNDI, George. “A Promethean Reading of Requiem for the Last Kaiser” in Between and Within. Yaounde: SOPECAM, 2003, pp. 20-42.
SLEMON, Stephen. “Unsettling the Empire: Resistance Theory for the Second World”in Post-Colonial Studies Readers. London: Routledge, 1996, pp. 104–110.
TANGEM, F. Donatus. “The Minority Question in the Drama of Amiri Baraka (Alias le Roi Jones) and Bate Besong”. (Phd Thesis) U of Yaounde 1, January 2008.
TUMI, Cardinal W. S. Christain. The Political Regimes of Ahmadou Ahidjo and Paul Biya, and Christain Tumi, Priest. n. p., MACACOS S. A., 2006.
STEVENS, Bonnie Klomp & L. Stewarts. A Guide to Literature Criticism and Research. New York: Holt Rinehert and Winston Inc, 1982.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186