Teaching the Rondo and Variation Form in the Textbook of Music for the 5th Grade of the Bulgarian General Education Schools
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 2, Issue 5-1, October 2014, Pages: 14-19
Received: Jul. 30, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 12, 2014; Published: Aug. 26, 2014
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Krasimira Georgieva Fileva-Ruseva, Faculty of Music Pedagogy, Academy of Music, Dance and Fine Arts – Plovdiv, Bulgaria, Europe
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The responsibility of producing educated listeners of music with a positive attitude and interest towards the valuable phenomena in the tonal art falls mainly on the general education school. For this reason, in the textbooks of music by the publishing houses “Riva” and “Azbuki-Prosveta” in Bulgaria (the author collective is the same) special attention is given to criteria, such as presenting the information in an intriguing way, the inclusion of creative tasks, exemplification; rich, aesthetically pleasing and clear illustrative material. In order to justify these statements, I will discuss examples from the textbook of music for the 5th grade by the “Riva” Publishing House [2]. In one of the exercises on the subject of the musical form “Rondo”, where four distiches on the theme “Autumn” are included (the theme “Rondo” is taught in the autumn), the students are asked to point out how the distiches have to be arranged so that they result in a structure corresponding to the “Rondo” form; which distich is most suitable for the theme and which of them will be used as episodes. In order to make the decision, the pupils have to take into account that the laconic first distich in duple meter is clearly divergent from all the others, which are more descriptive, i.e. it is in a distinct contrast with the other three. This makes it suitable for a Rondo theme, which, in the same way, is in a relation of contrast with the episodes. Consequently, the students have to speak out loud and rhythmically the poetic text and to compose for it an appropriate for the character of the verses accompaniment on percussion musical instruments for children. In this textbook: The definitions are not provided without any effort required, but have to be reached through observation. This gives place to a certain discovering. The exercises, accompanying and facilitating the learning of the information being taught, are focused on: stimulating creativity through changing the conditions, in which the new information functions; creating a new product; providing models of anaxiomatization, whose structure is applicable to future mental operations. The illustrative material has several functions it provides additional information, related to the lesson; facilitates grasping the character of the music, heard during a specific class session, through the emotional impact of the images; it provides creative methods of encoding information, which the students can use as a model in their future work.
Music, Music Education, General Education School, Variation Form, Rondo
To cite this article
Krasimira Georgieva Fileva-Ruseva, Teaching the Rondo and Variation Form in the Textbook of Music for the 5th Grade of the Bulgarian General Education Schools, International Journal of Literature and Arts. Special Issue: Musical Theory, Psychology and Pedagogy. Vol. 2, No. 5-1, 2014, pp. 14-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ijla.s.2014020501.13
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