States of Conflict and the Idea of Pacifism in the Novel Fratricides
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 30-34
Received: Dec. 31, 2014;
Accepted: Jan. 8, 2015;
Published: Jan. 14, 2015
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Amalia-Florentina Drăgulănescu, Department of Literary History, A. Philippide Institute of Romanian Philology, Romanian Academy, Iaşi, Romania
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Father Ianaros, the main character of Nikos Kazantzakis’ Fratricides is leading a two-way battle, a real conflict with himself as well as the struggle between body and soul, torn between fascists and communists. The confusion between red and black, between life and death (bodily and spiritual) and its source that rests in the peace without peace that the priest confronts in his questions is often made. If the war of the soul with the body remains, somehow, always on the same line, the contradiction between yes and no, between Nai and Ohi (Gk.) multiplies (but having in common the priest’s consciousness of Castelos), knowing several directions possibilities: the fellowship either with the red, or the black side; the isolation from the real world; abdicating from the condition of priest as the angel of God on earth. Like Jesus, pushed up and down by the wave of doubt, the father of the village lies at the crossroads between various judgments, set out to find the truth in the wilderness of questions. Much of the agony is his struggling with loneliness, under the monos position before a herd ravaged by civil war. The dilemma is amplified, tripled, and the choice is complicated. Therefore, at Nikos Kazantzakis, the necessarily provided Pascalian condition of man, half zoon, half angel comes to be higher, the demands made on man actually referring only to his angelic, superhuman nature, hardly allowing the pacification.
Conflict, Priest, Pacifism, Self, Actual Patterns
To cite this article
States of Conflict and the Idea of Pacifism in the Novel Fratricides, International Journal of Literature and Arts. Special Issue: Discourses of Militarization and Identity: Literature of Conflict.
Vol. 2, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 30-34.
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