A Mythic Journey to Polyphemus, Tepegöz and Grendal
International Journal of Literature and Arts
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 12-17
Received: Mar. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 17, 2015;
Published: Apr. 27, 2015
Views 4283 Downloads 105
Elmas Sahin, Çağ University, The Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Mersin, Turkey
Follow on us
Human shaped, huge sized, sometimes one eyed, three or seven headed giants /monsters are unique folkloric, mythic elements of oral and written cultures and traditions through Greek, Latin, East and West civilizations. From Polyphemus of Homer's classical Odyssey to Anglo-Saxon Beowulf, Turkish Tepegöz (One Eyed-Giant) of the Book of Dede Korkut (Dede Qorqut), Sinbad of Arabic Thousand and One Nights, Fénelon's Telemachus, Joyce's modern Ulysses, even to J.R.R. Tolkien's Norse figures in the Hobbit of our age several mythic adaptations have taken place in Western and Eastern literatures from around the world. Polyphemus, Tepegöz and Beowulf remind of well-known mythic legends built on relationships of heroes and giants of the legends such as Telemachus, Arimaspoi, Kabandha, Psoglav, Jian or one eyed-man eating Cyclops in Sinbad the Sailor etc., In this term, in this study, a comparison of gigantic and heroic figures making a mythic journey to Odyssey, The Story of Basat, Killer of the One-Eyed-Giant (Tepegöz) and Beowulf will be presented to the attentions from a perspective of comparative literature and evaluated their similarities and differences by comparative examples. Here the aim will be to know both the others' and our own works closer, and recognize their impacts and interactions on each other's and also discover their places in the world literature.
One-Eyed-Giants, Man-Eating Monsters, Mythic Motifs, Comparative Literature, Identity and Patriotism
To cite this article
A Mythic Journey to Polyphemus, Tepegöz and Grendal, International Journal of Literature and Arts.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 12-17.
Bane, T. (2013). Encyclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology. North Carolina: McFarland & Company.
Conrad, J. A. (1999). Polyphemus and Tepegöz Revisited A Comparison of the Tales of the Blinding of the One-eyed Ogre in Western and Turkish Traditions. Fabula, Volume 40, Issue 3-4, 278–297.
Conybeare, F. C. (1997). The Testament of Solomon translated. Trns. by F. C. Conybeare: This digital edition by Joseph H. Peterson, http://www.esotericarchives.com/solomon/testamen.htm.
d’Huy, J. (2013). Polyphemus (Aa. Th. 1137) A phylogenetic reconstruction of a prehistoric tale. Nouvelle Mythologie Comparée- 1, 1-21, https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00826004/document.
Diez, H. F. (1815). Der Neuentdeckte Ouguzische Cyklop. In H. F. Diez, Denkvürdigkeiten von Asien (pp. 416-457). Berlin und Nalle.
Hackman, O. (1904). Die Polyphemsage in der Volksuberlieferung. Helsingfors. Finland: Frenckellska.
Homer. (2003). Odyssey. Trans. Samuel Butler: Project Gutenberg, http://s3.amazonaws.com/manybooks_pdf_new/homeretext99dyssy10?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAITZP2AAM27ZGISNQ&Expires=1429128429&Signature=VOga0QAXKKER1Bv013CxByjKORA%3D.
Meeker, M. E. (1992). The Dede Korkut Ettic. Int. J. Middle East Stud. 24, 395-417, http://www.learningace.com/doc/5459460/5991d25d11df6fb6085cfde63186ae86/dede-korkut-ethic-1992-meeker# .
Mundy, C. S. (1956). Polyphemus and Tepegoz. BSOAS , 18:2, UAJb 29: 1-2, pp. 279-302.
Ragozin, Z. A. (1900). Beowulf, the Hero of the Anglo-Saxons. New York: William Beverley Harison.
Sakaoğlu, S. (1998). Dede Korkut Kitabı: İncelemeler, Derlemeler, Aktarmalar. 1. cilt , Konya: Selçuk Üniversitesi Yaşatma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yayını.
Sümer, F., Uysal, A. E., & Walker, W. S. (2013). The Book of Dede Korkut: A Turkish Epic. Translated and Eded From Turkish to English, Texas: University of Texas Press.