Hybrid Propulsion Testing using Direct-Drive Electrical Machines for Super Yacht and Inland Shipping
International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2016, Pages: 42-48
Received: Aug. 31, 2016;
Accepted: Oct. 31, 2016;
Published: Nov. 25, 2016
Views 4410 Downloads 202
Johannes J. H. Paulides, Advanced Electromagnetics BV, Sprang-Capelle, The Netherlands; Electromechanics and Power Electronics, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Nenad Djukic, Advanced Electromagnetics BV, Sprang-Capelle, The Netherlands; Electromechanics and Power Electronics, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Johannes A. de Roon, Advanced Electromagnetics BV, Sprang-Capelle, The Netherlands
Laurentiu Encica, Advanced Electromagnetics BV, Sprang-Capelle, The Netherlands
Hybrid or full electric propulsions for inland ships are becoming more popular. In these application, direct-drive PM propulsion motors are a preferred machine configuration. This paper discusses the challenges to determine the losses, as estimated with simulations, during the testing procedures of a 350kW at 300rpm, respectively. The full-load testing of the drive system is performed by mechanically coupling two identical machines, of which one operates as a motor and the other as a generator, or “back-to-back” testing configuration. Two Direct-Drive PM machines have been manufactured to validate key findings from the modelling, particularly in terms of loss predictions, thermal modelling and influence of the design features such as magnet segmentation. A back-to-back set-up is created for testing these machines with a speed range of 0-450 rpm. Before the measurement commended, tests were carried out in accordance with IEC60034-1, IEC60034-15, IEC60085-1, IEEE43, IEEE118 and Lloyd's register. These tests included: surge, resistance, winding symmetry, high voltage test, insulation resistance and polarization index. All these tests were successfully completed and agreed with the analysis as described before. Following the motors have been installed in an inland ship hybrid propulsion.
Johannes J. H. Paulides,
Johannes A. de Roon,
Hybrid Propulsion Testing using Direct-Drive Electrical Machines for Super Yacht and Inland Shipping, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology.
Vol. 2, No. 4,
2016, pp. 42-48.
The next generation of ECO SHIP, (2002) "The Development of an electric propulsion domestic chemical tanker, http://www.nakatani-sy.co.jp/index_er.html
G. J. de Gelder, (2014) "10-15% fuel saving", http://www.groenervaren.nl/tweede-hybride-binnenvaartschip/
J. M. Apsley, A. Gonzalez-Villasenor, M. Barnes, A. C. Smith, S. Williamson, J. D. Schuddebeurs, P. J. Norman, C. D. Booth, G. M. Burt, and J. R. McDonald (2009) "Propulsion drive models for full electric marine propulsion systems," IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 676-684.
R. E. Hebner (2005) "Electric ship power system-Research at the University of Texas at Austin," in Proc. IEEE Electric Ship Technol. Symp., Jul. 25-27, pp. 34-38.
A. Del Pizzo, R. M. Polito, R. Rizzo, P. Tricoli (2010) “Design Criteria of On-board Propulsion for Hybrid Electric Boats”, XIX International Conference on Electrical Machines - ICEM 2010, Rome, pp. 1-6.
S. Kuznetsov (2011) “Machine design and configuration of a 7000 hp hybrid electric drive for naval ship propulsion”, IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC), pp. 1-4.
B. Zahedi, and Lars E. Norum (2013) “Modeling and simulation of all-electric ships with low-voltage DC hybrid power systems”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, Vol. 28, No. 10, pp. 4525-4537.
C. Patsios, G. Antonopoulos and J. Prousalidis (2012) “Discussion on adopting intelligent power management and control techniques in integrated power systems of all-electric ships”, Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway and Ship Propulsion (ESARS), pp. 1-6.
D. Bosich, G. Sulligoi (2013) “Voltage control on a refitted luxury yacht using hybrid electric propulsion and LVDC distribution”, Eighth International Conference and Exhibition on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), pp. 1-6.
T. Jaster, A. Rowe and Z. Dong (2014) “Modeling and simulation of a hybrid electric propulsion system of a green ship”, IEEE/ASME 10th International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA), pp. 1-6.
S. Jumayev, J. J. H. Paulides, K. Boynov, J. Pyrhonen, & E. A. Lomonova (2016) “Three-dimensional analytical model of helical winding PM machines including rotor eddy-currents”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 52, Issue 5, pp. 1-12
R. L. J. Sprangers, J. J. H. Paulides, B. L. J. Gysen, & E. A. Lomonova (2016). Magnetic saturation in semi-analytical harmonic modeling for electric machine analysis. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 52, Issue 2, pp. 1-10.
J. Jacob, J. A. Colin, H. Montemayor, D. Sepac, H. D. Trinh, S. F. Voorderhake, P. Zidkova, J. J. H. Paulides, A. Borisavljevic, & E. A. Lomonova (2015) “InMotion hybrid racecar: F1 performance with LeMans endurance”. COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 34 (1), pp. 210-233.
M. F. J. Kremers, J. J. H. Paulides & E. A. Lomonova (2015) “Towards accurate design of a transverse Flux machine using an analytical 3-D magnetic charge model”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 51, Issue 11, pp. 1-4
R. L. J. Sprangers, J. J. H. Paulides, B. L. J. Gysen, J. Waarma, & E. A. Lomonova (2015) “Semi-analytical framework for synchronous reluctance motor analysis including finite soft-magnetic material permeability”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 51, Issue 11, pp. 1-12
R. Whitney, (2013) "Ship Energy Efficiency Measures Advisory", ABS Houston USA, pp.1-72.
J. J. H. Paulides, N. Djukic, & L. Encica (2015) “Hybrid shipping for inland navigation: Loss analysis of an aluminum direct-drive high performance 11,000Nm Permanent Magnet machine”, (EVER 2015), 31 March - 2 April 2015, Monte Carlo, Monaco, (pp. 1-5)
C. D. Christophel (2011) "Reduzierung der CO2-Emissionen durch diesel-elektrische Antriebe am Beispiel eines bestehenden Motorgüterschiffes", Workshop CO2-Emissionen der Binnenschifffahrt, pp. 1-11.
Electric Marine Support Binnenvaart B. V. (2015) "Ship schematic for Hybrid Ship", www.electricmarinesupport.nl/.
S. Kuznetsov (2011) "Machine design and configuration of a 7000 HP hybrid electric drive for naval ship propulsion", IEEE International IEMDC, pp. 1625-1628.
J. J. H. Paulides, L. Encica, T. F. Beerneart, H. H. F van der Velden, A. G. P. Parfant and E. A. Lomonova, "Ultra-light-weight high torque density brushless PM machine design: Driving-cycle investigation of a Four-Wheel drive race car", 2015 Tenth International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), pp. 1-7.
"SPEED," available on http://www.cd-adapco.com.
N. Taghizadeh Irenji, S. M. Abu Sharkh, M.R. Harris (2000) "Effect of rotor sleeve conductivity on rotor eddy-current loss in high-speed PM machines", ICEM Espoo Finland, pp. 645-648.
J. L. F. Van der Veen, L. J. J. Offringa, A. J. A. Vandenput (1997) "Minimising rotor losses in high-speed high-power permanent magnet synchronous generators with rectifier load", IEE Proc Electrical Power applications, Vol. 144, No. 5, pp. 331-337.
E. Bunzel, G. Mueller (1991) "General analysis of a 6-phase synchronous machine", Int. conf. Evolution and modern aspects of synchronous machines, pp. 333-340.
"Motor-CAD and Motor-LAB," available on www.motor-design.com.