Intelligent Urban Traffic Flow Control: A Case Study on Fuzzy Logic Application
International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 25-38
Received: Jul. 19, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 4, 2017; Published: Sep. 26, 2017
Views 855      Downloads 68
Wendell de Queiróz Lamas, Department of Basic and Environmental Sciences, School of Engineering at Lorena, University of São Paulo, Lorena, SP, Brazil
Giorgio Eugenio Oscare Giacaglia, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, SP, Brazil
Eliana Campos de Oliveira, Department of Computer Science, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, SP, Brazil
Article Tools
Follow on us
This work uses concepts, tools, and methodologies associated to Operational Research and Artificial Intelligence to turn more efficient a system that controls traffic lights at a road crossing. Using Operational Research, through Linear Programming method, the intelligent traffic light operation is described as a mathematical formulation and constraints. That information is used for MacVicar-Whelam table elaboration that relates system pertinence rules through fuzzy logic techniques. It is pled, with the described development, to obtain of solid results for validation of the developed methodology, as well as its efficient control of intelligent traffic lights.
Artificial Intelligence, Decision Support Systems, Fuzzy Sets, Simulation, Urban Traffic
To cite this article
Wendell de Queiróz Lamas, Giorgio Eugenio Oscare Giacaglia, Eliana Campos de Oliveira, Intelligent Urban Traffic Flow Control: A Case Study on Fuzzy Logic Application, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2017, pp. 25-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20170303.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
L. M. Vilanova, O controle dos semáforos em tempo real no Brasil. São Paulo, SP: Fundação Carlos Chagas, 2005. [in Portuguese]
Canal do Transporte, "São Paulo retoma projeto de semáforo inteligente," Folha de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, 5-September-2011. [in Portuguese]
Correio do Estado, "AGETRAN instala semáforo inteligente na capital," Correio do Estado, Campo Grande, MS, 6-October-2011. [in Portuguese]
G. Benjamin Júnior, "Trânsito no Grande ABC," Diário do Grande ABC, num. 1, 2004. [in Portuguese]
Prefeitura Municipal de Curitiba, "Semáforos inteligentes organizam e agilizam o fluxo de veículos na cidade," Agência de Notícias, num. 2, 2005. [in Portuguese]
C. E. Bognar, O. Saotome, and P. C. F. Barbosa, "Proposta de melhoria do algoritmo MCMC Gibbs Sampling para inferências Bayesianas em sistemas embarcados de tempo-real: Uma aplicação em semáforos inteligentes," in the 1st International Congress University-Industry Cooperation, Universidade de Taubaté, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil, 2005. [in Portuguese]
C. E. Bognar, O. Saotome, and V. G. Ferreira, "Comparative evaluation of MCMC Gibbs Sampling and search-based algorithms for probabilistic inference in Bayesian networks," in the 1st International Congress University-Industry Cooperation, Universidade de Taubaté, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil, 2005.
C. P. Pappis and E. H. Mamdani, "A fuzzy logic controller for a traffic junction," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. – Syst., vol. 7, num. 10, pp. 707-717, 1977.
C. Batur and V. Kasparian, "Model based fuzzy control," Math. Comput. Model., vol. 15, pp. 3-14, 1991.
R. Bandyopadhyay and D. Patranabis, "A fuzzy logic based PI autotuner," ISA Trans., vol. 37, pp. 227-235, 1998.
J. Niittymaki and M. Pursula, "Signal control using fuzzy logic," Fuzzy Sets Syst., vol. 116, pp. 11-22, 2000.
R. Hoyer and U. Jumar, "An advanced fuzzy controller for traffic lights," Annu. Rev. Automat. Program., vol. 19, pp. 67-72, 1994.
M. B. Trabia, M. S. Kaseko, and M. Ande, "A two-stage fuzzy logic controller for traffic signals," Transp. Res. Pt. C-Emerg. Technol., vol. 7, pp. 353-367, 1999.
W.-M. Wey, "Model formulation and solution algorithm of traffic signal control in an urban network," Comput. Environ. Urban Syst., vol. 24, pp. 355-378, 2000.
C.-H. Chou and J.-C. Teng, "A fuzzy logic controller for traffic junction signals", Inf. Sci., vol. 143, pp. 73-97, 2002.
J. Niittymaki and E. Turunen, "Traffic signal control on similarity logic reasoning," Fuzzy Sets Syst., vol. 133, pp. 109-131, 2003.
W. Wen, "A dynamic and automatic traffic light control expert system for solving the road congestion problem," Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 34,num. 4, pp. 2370-2381, 2008.
K. Aboudolas, M. Papageorgiou, and E. Kosmatopoulos, "Store-and-forward based methods for the signal control problem in large-scale congested urban road networks," Transp. Res. Pt. C-Emerg. Technol., vol. 17, pp. 163-174, 2009.
S. M. Rahman and N. T. Ratrout, "Review of the fuzzy logic based approach in traffic signal control: Prospects in Saudi Arabia," J. Transport. Syst. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 9, pp. 58-70, 2009.
C. Karakuzu and O. Demirci, "Fuzzy logic based smart traffic light simulator design and hardware implementation," Appl. Soft. Comput., vol. 10, pp. 66-73, 2010.
J. García-Nieto, E. Alba, and A. C. Olivera, "Swarm intelligence for traffic light scheduling: Application to real urban areas," Eng. Appl. Artif. Intell., vol. 25, num. 2, pp. 274-283, 2012.
F. Motawej, R. Bouyekhf, and A. El Moudni, "A dissipativity-based approach to traffic signal control for an over-saturated intersection," J. Frankl. Inst.-Eng. Appl. Math., vol. 348, pp. 703-717, 2011.
E. L. Andrade, Introduction to Operational Research: Methods and Models for Decision Analysis, 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro City, RJ, Brazil: Livros Técnicos e Científicos, 2004. [in Portuguese]
W. L. Winston, Operations Research: Applications and Algorithms, 4th ed. Belmont, CA, USA: Thomson Learning – Brooks/Cole, 2004.
L. A. Zadeh, "Fuzzy sets," Inf. Control, vol. 8, pp. 338-353, 1965.
City of São José dos Campos, "Transportations Secretariat," Available at
I. S. Shaw and M. G. Simões, Fuzzy Control and Modelling. São Paulo, SP, Brazil: Editora Edgard Blücher, 1999. [in Portuguese]
E. H. Mamdani, "Applications of fuzzy algorithms for control of simple dynamic plant," Proc. IEE, vol. 121, num. 12, pp. 1585-1588, 1974.
E. H. Mamdani and S. Assilian, "An experiment in linguistic synthesis with a fuzzy logic controller," Int. J. Man-Machine Stud., vol. 7, num. 1, pp. 1-13, 1975.
E. H. Mamdani, "Advances in the linguistic synthesis of fuzzy controllers," Int. J. Man-Machine Stud., vol. 8, num. 6, pp. 669-678, 1976.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931