Maritime Labour Demand for LNG Carriers Operations in Nigeria: Augmented Trend Analysis
International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 44-51
Received: Mar. 28, 2020;
Accepted: Apr. 16, 2020;
Published: May 11, 2020
Views 307 Downloads 85
Nwokedi Theophilus Chinonyerem, Department of Maritime Management Technology, School of Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Okafor Cajethan Onyedikachi, Department of Maritime Management Technology, School of Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Hussani Yusuf Kodo, Department of Transport Management, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria
Johnson Mathew Ndubuisi, Center for Logistics and Transport, University of Port-Harcourt, Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Department of Maritime Management Technology, School of Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Follow on us
The study analyzed the maritime labour demand for LNG carriers operations in Nigeria using augmented trend analysis. The objectives of the study among other things were to estimate the demand for maritime labour for LNG carriers operations in Nigeria and to estimate the instantaneous rates of change (IROC) as well as the average rate of change (AROC) for maritime labour demand for LNG carriers operations in Nigeria between 1998 –2016. Historical design approach was adopted and data on maritime labour demand (Dml) and tonnages of seaborne LNG trade between 1998 -2016 were sourced from the annual statistical reports of the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) company and Nigeria Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) 2017 editions, covering a period of 19years. The data obtained was analyzed using trend analysis augmented by rate of change and derivative functions from the theory of differentiation. It was found that there exists a significant decrease in the trend of demand for maritime labour for LNG carriers over the years covered in the study. The instantaneous rates of change of demand for maritime labour for LNG carrier per annum over the period was not constant as it showed being driven by the significant relationship between the demand for maritime labour for LNG carriers operations and growth in tonnages of seaborne LNG export trade. It was recommended among other things that to stop the current practice where almost half of the vessels serving the shipping needs of the NLNG are owned and management by foreign ship management companies who employ foreign maritime labour; the management of all LNG vessels serving the shipping needs of the NLNG must be handled by NLNG Ship Management Limited (NSML).
Maritime-Labour, Demand, LNG-Carriers, Nigeria
To cite this article
Nwokedi Theophilus Chinonyerem,
Okafor Cajethan Onyedikachi,
Hussani Yusuf Kodo,
Johnson Mathew Ndubuisi,
Gbasibo Lawrence Addah,
Maritime Labour Demand for LNG Carriers Operations in Nigeria: Augmented Trend Analysis, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2020, pp. 44-51.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Nwokedi T. C., Moses N., Ibe C. C., Onyemechi C. (2017) Economic Implications of Marine Oil Spill to Nigeria: A Case for Improvement in Coastal Pipeline Management and Surveillance Practices. International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 40-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20170203.12.
Chinedum O., Nwokedi T. C., Nwokedi1, Okeke O. K., Igboanusi C. C., Odumodu C. U., Chikwendu D. (2017) A Business Ecosystem’s Model For Harnessing Nigeria’s Ocean Economy. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering 5 (2017) 279-284 doi: 10.17265/2328-2142/2017.05.005.
Charles B. and Andrew C. (2015) Analyzing Cheniere Energy's Commodity Price Exposure - Market Realist. Available at: http// www.chenieryenergy.com/. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
Hai-Y. Z., Wen-W. X., Qiang J., Qi Z. (2018) Exploring the driving factors of global LNG trade flows using gravity modeling. Journal of Cleaner Production 172 (2018) 508- 515
NLNG (2017) Nigeria LNG Limited: Facts And Figures on NLNG 2017. Annual Statistical Publication of NLNG. Available at: http//: www.nigerialng.com. Retrieved on 21/08/2018.
IGU (2017) IGU 2017 World LNG Report. International Gas Union.
Nigeria national Petroleum Corporation (2016) 2016 Annual Statistical Bulletin. Available at: http//:www.nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved on 21/08/2018.
Raimonds Farah, Christa Paolo, Edwin Davide and Thierry Hub (2016) Offshore Natural Gas Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Relations to the European Union: A Legal Perspective through the Lenses of MedReg. Journal of World Energy Law and Business. 8 (8). 134-143.
Linda C., Jack X., Jackson S., Rio W., (2017) Analysis of Venezuela, Russia and Nigeria Natural Gas Industry and the Impact on Natural Gas Sector in China. A paper presented at the LNG Conference organized by the Australia China Natural gas Technology Development Fund, China, 2017.
Chukwueyem S. Rapu, Adeniyi O. Adenuga, Williams J. Kanya, Magnus O. Abeng, Peter D. Golit, M. J. H., Ibrahim A. U., Emeka R. O. (2015) Analysis of energy market conditions in Nigeria. Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja. Occasional Paper No. 55.
International gas Union (1993) International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk IGC Code. 1993 Edition.
Johan A. and Anna Ö. (2017) Safety manual on LNG bunkering procedures for the Port of Helsinki. Port of Helsinki Report.