Review of Impact of Anthropogenic Activities in Surface Water Resources in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: A Case of Bayelsa State
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages: 61-73
Received: May 12, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2017; Published: Jun. 30, 2017
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Authors
Enetimi Idah Seiyaboh, Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
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Abstract
Water is an essential resource required for the sustainance of life. Water is utilized in all sector of any nation economy. Surface water is one of the major sources of water utilized by several communities in coastal region of Bayelsa state. Fishing - a source of livelihood for indigenous people of Bayelsa state is carried out in surface water. Surface water is also a route of transportation using engine boat and canoe. Some of the surface water are used for domestic purposes (such as washing, bathing, cooking) and even drinking. Several anthropogenic activities are carried out in the surface water including dredging, makeshift refinery and dumpsite for various classes of wastes (mainly from domestic and sewage). This paper reviews the impacts of anthropogenic activities in surface water resources in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. The study found that pH, temperature, conductivity, total suspended solid, total dissolved solid, total hardness, total alkalinity, turbidity, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, sulphate, chloride, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, copper, iron, lead, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and total hydrocarbon content are altered due to various anthropogenic activities. Off these, turbidity is significantly affected by all the activities and to lesser extent pH, total alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrite, magnesium, total hydrocarbon content, iron and lead are also affected above permissible level recommended Standard Organization of Nigeria and the World Health Organization. The alteration of water quality parameters could alter the composition and abundance of biodiversity including fisheries and planktons, downstream application of the water and its potability. This study concludes by suggesting that factors leading to alteration in water quality should be checkmated by appropriate regulatory agencies.
Keywords
Anthropogenic Activities, Bayelsa State, Impacts, Surface Water, Water Quality
To cite this article
Enetimi Idah Seiyaboh, Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Review of Impact of Anthropogenic Activities in Surface Water Resources in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: A Case of Bayelsa State, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 61-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170202.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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