Bacteriological Quality Assessment of Water from Epie Creek, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 102-108
Received: May 15, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 3, 2017; Published: Jul. 21, 2017
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Authors
Vivian Nkeiru Ben-Eledo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Lovet Tarilate Kigigha, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Benjamin Onyema Eledo, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Madonna University, Elele, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study evaluated the bacteriological quality of water samples from Epie creek, Niger Delta. Water samples were collected from five different locations (Akenfa, Agudama-Epie, Tombia, Opolo and Biogbolo) in two seasons viz: dry i.e. January and February and wet season i.e. May and June, 2016). The samples were analyzed following standard protocols. Results from the water quality ranged from 5.38-6.74 log cfu/ml (total heterotrophic bacteria), 1.72-2.54 log cfu/ml (Salmonella-shigella counts), 2.01-2.83 log MPN/100ml (total coliform), 1.55-2.22 log MPN/100ml (faecal coliforms). Analysis of variance showed that there was significance difference (P<0.05) in total and fecal coliform for location, months and interaction for total and fecal coliform, and no significance difference (P>0.05) for total heterotrophic bacteria and Salmonella-Shigella counts. The bacterial isolates were Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Bacillus, Citrobacter, Erminia, Klesbsiella, Shigella, Salmonella, Proteus, Serratia, Micrococcus, Corynebacterium species, Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli. The monthly and spatial distribution similarity interaction ranged from 88.00 – 96.00% and 55.56 – 86.96% respectively, being above critical level of significance = 50% for similarity index. The values showed that anthropogenic activities in the creek are having an impact on the water quality.
Keywords
Water Quality, Bacteria, Epie Creek, Yenagoa Metropolis
To cite this article
Vivian Nkeiru Ben-Eledo, Lovet Tarilate Kigigha, Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Benjamin Onyema Eledo, Bacteriological Quality Assessment of Water from Epie Creek, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 102-108. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20170203.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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