Bacteriological Quality Assessment of Water from Epie Creek, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 102-108
Received: May 15, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 3, 2017;
Published: Jul. 21, 2017
Views 1118 Downloads 65
Vivian Nkeiru Ben-Eledo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Lovet Tarilate Kigigha, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Benjamin Onyema Eledo, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Madonna University, Elele, Nigeria
This study evaluated the bacteriological quality of water samples from Epie creek, Niger Delta. Water samples were collected from five different locations (Akenfa, Agudama-Epie, Tombia, Opolo and Biogbolo) in two seasons viz: dry i.e. January and February and wet season i.e. May and June, 2016). The samples were analyzed following standard protocols. Results from the water quality ranged from 5.38-6.74 log cfu/ml (total heterotrophic bacteria), 1.72-2.54 log cfu/ml (Salmonella-shigella counts), 2.01-2.83 log MPN/100ml (total coliform), 1.55-2.22 log MPN/100ml (faecal coliforms). Analysis of variance showed that there was significance difference (P<0.05) in total and fecal coliform for location, months and interaction for total and fecal coliform, and no significance difference (P>0.05) for total heterotrophic bacteria and Salmonella-Shigella counts. The bacterial isolates were Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Bacillus, Citrobacter, Erminia, Klesbsiella, Shigella, Salmonella, Proteus, Serratia, Micrococcus, Corynebacterium species, Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli. The monthly and spatial distribution similarity interaction ranged from 88.00 – 96.00% and 55.56 – 86.96% respectively, being above critical level of significance = 50% for similarity index. The values showed that anthropogenic activities in the creek are having an impact on the water quality.
Vivian Nkeiru Ben-Eledo,
Lovet Tarilate Kigigha,
Sylvester Chibueze Izah,
Benjamin Onyema Eledo,
Bacteriological Quality Assessment of Water from Epie Creek, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2017, pp. 102-108.
Izah SC, Chakrabarty N,Srivastav AL. A Review on Heavy Metal Concentration in Potable Water Sources in Nigeria: Human Health Effects and Mitigating Measures. Exposure and Health, 2016; 8: 285–304.
Agedah EC, Ineyougha ER, Izah SC, Orutugu LA. Enumeration of total heterotrophic bacteria and some physico-chemical characteristics of surface water used for drinking sources in Wilberforce Island, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015; 3 (1): 28 – 34.
Ogamba EN, Ebere N, Ekuma CG. Physicochemistry and Ichthyofauna of Ikoli Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Biotechnol Res 2017; 3 (2): 43-49.
Izah SC, Srivastav AL. Level of arsenic in potable water sources in Nigeria and their potential health impacts: A review. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015; 3 (1): 15 – 24.
Seiyaboh EI, Ayibaefie YW. Assessment of Hydrocarbon Level in Surface Water Aligning Imirigi Oil field Facilities in the Niger Delta. Intern. J. Innov. Biosci. Res. 2017; 5 (2), 1-9.
Akubuenyi FC, Uttah EC, Enyi-Idoh KH. Microbiological and physicochemical assessment of major sources of water for domestic uses in Calabar Metropolis Cross River state, Nigeria. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology, 2013, 3 (2): 31 – 44.
Angaye TCN, Zige DV, Izah SC. Microbial load and heavy metals properties of leachates from solid wastes dumpsites in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015; 3 (3): 175 – 180.
Izah SC, Angaye TCN. Heavy metal concentration in fishes from surface water in Nigeria: Potential sources of pollutants and mitigation measures. Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research, 2016; 5 (4): 31-47.
Izah SC, Angaye TCN. Ecology of Human Schistosomiasis intermediate host and Plant Molluscicides used for control: A review. Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research, 2016; 5 (6): 075- 082.
Adesuyi AA, Njoku KL, Akinola MO. Assessment of Heavy Metals Pollution in Soils and Vegetation around Selected Industries in Lagos State, Nigeria.Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection. 2015; 3: 11-19.
Ohimain EI, Jonathan G, Abah SO. Variations in Heavy Metal Concentrations Following the Dredging of an Oil Well Access Canal in the Niger Delta. Advances in Biological Research, 2008; 2 (5-6): 97-103.
Seiyaboh EI, Ogamba EN, Utibe DI. Impact of Dredging on the Water Quality of Igbedi Creek, Upper Nun River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 2013; 7(5): 51 – 56.
Adewuyi GO, Olowu RA. Assessment of oil and grease, total petroleum hydrocarbons and some heavy metals in surface and groundwater within the vicinity of NNPC oil depot in Apata, Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. IJRRAS, 2012; 13 (1): 166-174.
Idris MA, Kolo BG, Garba ST, Waziri I. Pharmaceutical Industrial Effluent: Heavy Metal Contamination of Surface water in Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. Bull EnvPharmacol Life Sci, 2013; 2 (3): 40-44.
James OO, Nwaeze K, Mesagan E, Agbojo M, Saka KL, Olabanji DJ. Concentration of Heavy Metals in Five Pharmaceutical Effluents in Ogun State, Nigeria. Bull EnvPharmacol Life Sci, 2013; 2 (8): 84-90.
Anyakora C, Nwaeze K, Awodele O, Nwadike C, Arbabi M, Coker H. Concentrations of heavy metals in some pharmaceutical effluents in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 2011; 3 (2): 25-31.
Agu CC, Menkiti MC, Okolo BI, Nnaji PC. Evaluation of the Level and Impact of Selected Physiochemical Parameters of Fertilizer Effluent on Obinna River, Adani, Enugu State, Nigeria. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2014; 6: 722-730.
Agah MV, Onochie CC, Nworie O, Oji AE, Nnachi AU, Chukwu OS, Udu-Ibiam OE, Ukaegbu CO, Ani C. Bacteriological and Physicochemical Impact of Effluents from Ebonyi Fertilizer and Chemical Plant on Azuiyiokwu Creek. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology, 2014; 2 (4): 135-142.
Obire O, Ogan A, Okigbo RN. Impact of fertilizer plant effluent on water quality. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2008; 5 (1): 107-118.
Awotoye OO, Dada AC, Arawomo GAO. Impact of palm oil processing effluent discharging on the quality of receiving soil and rivers in South Western Nigeria.Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 2011; 7 (2): 111 - 118.
Edward JB, Idowu EO, Oyebola OE. Impact of pam oil mill effluent on physic-chemical parameters of a southwestern River, Ekiti state, Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 2015; 4 (14): 26 -30.
Izah SC, Angaye TCN, Ohimain EI. Environmental Impacts of Oil palm processing in Nigeria. Biotechnological Research, 2016; 2 (3): 132-141.
Olaniyi CO, Adewoye SO, Ismail MO, Adeseun FM. Effect Of Cassava Mill Effluents On Haematological And Biochemical Characteristics Of Adult African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus). Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2013; 3 (3): 191 – 196.
Olufayo, M. O. and David, O. T. (2013). Effect of cassava mill effluents on the osmotic and hematology of clarias gariepinus juveniles. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 4 (3): 50 – 55.
Nwosu, U. L., Ajiwe, V.I.E. and Okoye, P. A. C. (2014). Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution of Effluents from three (3) Food Industries in Nnewi/Ogidi areas of Anambra State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8 (11): 13-21.
Izah SC, Angaye TCN, Ohimain EI. Estimation of potential chronic daily intake of heavy metal through consumption of potable water in South-south Nigeria. Bulletin of Advanced Scientific Research, 2015; 1 (1): 33 – 36.
Izah SC, Ineyougha ER. A review of the microbial quality of potable water sources in Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Biological and Basic Research, 2015; 1 (1): 12 - 19.
Ogamba EN, Seiyaboh EI, Izah SC, Ogbugo I, Demedongha FK. Water quality, phytochemistry and proximate constituents of Eichhorniacrassipes from Kolo creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria.International Journal of Applied Research and Technology,2015; 4 (9): 77 – 84.
Ogamba EN, Ebere N, Izah SC. Heavy Metal Concentration in Water, Sediment and Tissues of Eichhornia crassipes from Kolo Creek, Niger Delta. Greener J. Environ. Manage. Public Safety. 2017; 6 (1): 001-005.
Aghoghovwia OA, Ohimain EI. Physicochemical characteristics of lower Kolo creek, Otuogidi, Bayelsa state. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 2014; 10 (1): 23 - 26.
Eremasi YB, Alagoa KJ, Daworiye P. Water quality evaluation and heavy metals concentration of kolo creek, Imiringi, Bayelsa state. International Journal of Current Research, Bioscience and Plant Biotechnology, 2015; 2 (2): 61 – 66.
Seiyaboh EI, Inyang IR, Gijo AH. Environmental Impact of Tombia Bridge Construction across Nun River in Central Niger Delta, Nigeria. The International Journal of Engineering and Science, 2013; 2 (11): 32 – 41.
Ogamba EN, Izah SC, Toikumo BP. Water quality and levels of lead and mercury in Eichhorniacrassipes from a tidal creek receiving abattoir effluent, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria.Continental Journal of Environmental Science, 2015; 9 (1): 13 – 25.
Ogamba EN, Izah SC, Oribu T. Water quality and proximate analysis of Eichhorniacrassipes from River Nun, Amassoma Axis, Nigeria.Research Journal of Phytomedicine,2015; 1 (1): 43 – 48.
Nwankwoala HO, Egesi N, Agi CC. Analysis of the water resources of Kiama area of Bayelsa state, Eastern Niger Delta. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2016; 1 (2): 7 – 12.
Angaye TCN, Mieyepa CE. Assessment of Elemental and Microbial Quality of Lake Efi Bayelsa State, Central Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 2015; 3 (2): 71 - 75.
Daka ER, Amakiri-Whyte B, Inyang IR. Surface and groundwater in some oil field communities in the Niger Delta: implications for domestic use and building construction. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 2014; 6 (2): 78 – 84.
Izonfuo LWA, Bariweni AP. The effect of urban runoff water and human activities on some physico-chemical parameters of the Epie Creek in the Niger Delta. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 2001; 5 (1): 47 - 55.
Seiyaboh EI, Izah SC, Oweibi S. Assessment of Water quality from Sagbama Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Biotechnological Research, 2017; 3 (1): 20-24.
Koinyan AA, Nwankwoala HO, Eludoyin OS. Water resources utilization in Yenagoa, Central Niger Delta: Environmental and health implications. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 2013; 5 (4): 177 – 186.
Benson HJ. Microbiological Applications: Laboratory Manual in General Microbiology. Complete version, 5th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, ISBN: 0-07-231888-0, 2002, 478pp.
Pepper IL and Gerba CP. Environmental microbiology. A laboratory manual. Second edition. Elsevier academic press (2005).
Cheesbrough M. District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries. Low price Edition part 2. Cambridge press, England, 2006, 434pp.
Holt JG, Kneg NR, Sneath PHA, Stanley JT, Williams ST. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. William and Wilkins Publisher, Maryland. New York, 1994.
Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 2001; 4 (1): 9pp. http://palaeo-electronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm.
Ogbeibu AE. Biostatistics. A practical approach to research and data handling. 2nd Edition. Mindex Publishing Company Limited, Benin-City Nigeria. 2014.