An Overview of the Impact of Climate Change on Pathogens, Pest of Crops on Sustainable Food Biosecurity
International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 114-124
Received: Oct. 25, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 2, 2019; Published: Dec. 10, 2019
Views 523      Downloads 219
Authors
Mbong Annih Grace, Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Tembe-Fokunang Estella Achick, Department of Pharmaco-toxicology and Pharmacokinetics, Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Berinyuy Eustace Bonghan, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Manju Evelyn Bih, Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Ngo Valery Ngo, Department of Global Health, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Mbah James Ajeck, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Galega Tangham Bobyiga Prudence, Department of Climate Change, Biodiversity and Conservation, Secretariat General, Ministry of Environment, Protection of Nature, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Fokunang Charles Ntungwen, Department of Pharmaco-toxicology and Pharmacokinetics, Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Anthropogenic activities on the environment have intensified in the last century resulting in a devastating increase in greenhouse gases and triggering global climate oscillation. Global food productions have increase significantly by 50% in order to meet the anticipated demand of the world’s population by 2050. The challenges of food production increases are high and even harder if climate change as a global threat is not addressed. In the coming years, there could be more changes in the biosecurity of food crops due to escalating global climate change. The effects of climate change on plant pathogens and the diseases they cause have been reported in some pathosystems. Climatic changes have been predicted to affect pathogen development and survival rates with possible modification of host susceptibility, host-pathogen-vector interaction that could lead to changes in the impact of diseases on food crops. The climate change may affect not only the optimal conditions for infection but also host specificity and mechanisms of plant infection. Changes in the abiotic conditions are known to affect the microclimate surrounding plants and the susceptibility of plants to disease. These changing conditions are expected to affect microbial communities in the soil and canopy pathosystems, with the possibility of altering the beneficial effects of these communities. Since both the pathogens and host plants could be affected by the dramatic changes in the magnitude of disease expression in a given pathosystem, the geographical distribution of particular plant diseases, their economic importance in a given location, and the set of diseases that infect each crop are crucial to understand their etiology and level of virulence. These changes could affect the measures farmers take to efficiently manage these diseases, as well as the feasibility of cropping systems in particular regions. This review examines the effects of changes in temperature, CO2 and ozone concentrations, precipitation, and drought on the biology of pathogens and their ability to infect plants and survival in natural and agricultural environments. We also underpin the multiple aspects linked to the effects of climate change on crop plant diseases, including the impact of increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2 and other gases, and how diseases can change under the alteration of atmospheric gases conditions in the future.
Keywords
Food Biosecurity, Crop Loss, Pathosystems, Disease Management, Climate Change, Atmospheric CO2
To cite this article
Mbong Annih Grace, Tembe-Fokunang Estella Achick, Berinyuy Eustace Bonghan, Manju Evelyn Bih, Ngo Valery Ngo, Mbah James Ajeck, Galega Tangham Bobyiga Prudence, Fokunang Charles Ntungwen, An Overview of the Impact of Climate Change on Pathogens, Pest of Crops on Sustainable Food Biosecurity, International Journal of Ecotoxicology and Ecobiology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 114-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ijee.20190404.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Agrios GN. (2004). Plant pathology. 5 ed. London: Elsevier, 922p.
[2]
Bale JS, Masters GJ, Schneider P. (2002). "Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores." Global Change Biology 8 (1): 1-16.
[3]
Bergot M, Cloppet E, Perarnaud V, Deque M, Marcais B, Desprez-Loustau ML. (2004). Simulation of potential range expansion of oak disease caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi under climate change. Global Change Biology, 10: 1539-1552.
[4]
Boag B, Crawford JW, Neilson R. (1991). The effect of potential climatic changes on the geographical distribution of the plant-parasitic nematodes Xiphinema and Longidorus in Europe. Nematologica, 37: 312-323.
[5]
Boland GJ, Melzer MS, Hopkin A, Higgins V, Nassuth A. (2004). Climate change and plant diseases in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology-Revue Canadienne de Phytopathologie, 26: 335-350.
[6]
Booth TH; Jovanovic T, Old KM, Dudzinski MJ. (2000). Climatic mapping to identify high-risk areas for Cylindrocladium quinqueseptatum leaf blight on eucalypts in mainland South East Asia and around the word. Environmental Pollution, 108: 365-372.
[7]
Bradley BA Oppenheimer P, Stone RS. (2009). "Climate change and plant invasions: restoration opportunities ahead?" Global Change Biology 15 (6): 1511-1521.
[8]
Braga MR, Aidar MPM, Marabesi MA, Godoy JRL, (2006). Effects of elevated CO2 on the phytoalexin production of two soybean cultivars differing in the resistance to stem canker disease. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 58: 85-92.
[9]
Cayan DE,. Maurer R and Cooke O. (2008). "Climate change scenarios for the California Region." Climatic Change 87 (0): 21-42.
[10]
Chakraborty S, Datta S (2003). How will plant pathogens adapt to host plant resistance at elevated CO2 under a changing climate? New Pathologist, 159: 733-742.
[11]
Chakraborty S, Pangga IB (2004). Plant disease and climate change. In: Gillings M.; Holmes A, (ed.) Plant Microbiology. London: Bios Scientific, p. 163-180.
[12]
Chen CC, McCarl BA. (2001). An investigation of the relationship between pesticide usage and climate change. Climatic Change, 50: 475-487.
[13]
Coakley SM, Schern H, Chakraborty S (1999). Climate change and plant disease management. Ann. Rev. Phytopatholo. 37: 399-426.
[14]
Eastburn DM, McElrone AJ, Bilgin DD (2011). Influence of atmospheric and climatic change on plant-pathogen interactions. Plant Pathol. 60: 54-59.
[15]
Elad Y, Pertot I (2014). Climate change impacts on plants on plant pathogens and plant diseases. J. Crop Improve, 28: 99-139.
[16]
Evans N, Baierl A, Semenov MA, Gladders P, Fitt BDL. (2008). Range and severity of plant disease increased by global warming. Journal of the Royal Society, 5: 525-531.
[17]
Faynewbery AQ, Bruce DL. Fitt P (2016). Modelling impacts of climate change on arable crop diseases: progress, challenges and applications. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 32: 101-109.
[18]
Garrett KA.; Dendy SP, Frank EE, Rouse MN, Travers SE. (2006). Climate change effects on plant disease: genomes to ecosystems. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 44: 489-509.
[19]
Huang YJ, Evans N; Li ZQ, Eckert M, Chèvre AM, Renard M, Fitt BDL (2006). Temperature and leaf wetness duration affect phenotypic expression of rlm6-mediated resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans in Brassica napus. New Phytologist, 170: 129-141.
[20]
IPCC (2007). Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Geneva: IPCC, 2007. 996p. (assessment report, 4).
[21]
Juroszek P, von Tiedemann A. 2015. Linking Plant Disease Models to Climate Change Scenarios to Project Future Risks of Crop Diseases: A Review. Journal of Planbt Disease and Protection. 122: 3-15.
[22]
Karnosky DF, Percy KE, Xiang BX, Callan B, Noormets A, Mankovska B, Hopkin A, Sober J, Jones W, Dickson RE, Isebrands JG. (2002). Interacting elevated CO2 and tropospheric O3 predisposes aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) to infection by rust (Melampsora medusae f. sp tremuloidae). Global Change Biology, 8: 329-338.
[23]
Kobayashi T, Ishiguro K, Nakajima T, Kim HY, Okada M, Kobayashi K (2006). Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on the infection of rice blast and sheath blight. Phytopathology, 96: 425-431.
[24]
Krupta S, McGrath MT, Andersen CP, Booker FL, Burkey KO, Chappelka AH, Chevone BI, Pell EJ, Zilinskas BA (2000). Ambient ozone and Plant Health. Plant Disease 85: 4-12.
[25]
Li F, Kang S, Zhang J, Cohen S. (2003). Effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment, water status and applied nitrogen on water- and nitrogen-use efficiencies of wheat. Plant and Soil, 254: 279-289.
[26]
Liu D, and JT. Trumble (2007). "Comparative fitness of invasive and native populations of the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli)." Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 123 (1): 35-42.
[27]
Lichou J, Myrin JF, Breniaux D (2000). First report of brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola in peach orchards in France. Phytoma, 47: 22.
[28]
Logan JA and Powell JA (2001). Ghost forests, global warming, and the mountain pine beetle. Am Entomol 47: 160-73.
[29]
Loladze I. (2002). Rising atmospheric CO2 and human nutrition: toward globally imbalanced plant stoichiometry? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 17: 457-461.
[30]
Matthew P. Daugherty G, Platter J 2017. Conflicting Effects of Climate and Vector Behavior on the Spread of a Plant Pathogen, Phytobiomes). DOI: 10.1094/PBIOMES-01-17-0004-R.
[31]
Maud B, Biarnès V, Jeuffro MF. (2017). Impact du climat et des maladies sur les rendements du poids : quelles perspectives avec le changement climatique Oilseeds and fat Crops and LipidsOCL 2017, 24 (1) D103 ?
[32]
Mboup M, Bahri B, Leconte M, De Vallavieille-Pope C, Kaltz O, Enjalbert J. (2012). Genetic structure and local adaptation of European whaet yellow rust populations: the role of temperature-specific adaptation. Evol. Appl. 5: 341-352.
[33]
Mcelrone AJ, Reid CD Hoye KA, Hart E, Jackson RB (2005). Elevated CO2 reduces disease incidence and severity of a red maple fungal pathogen via changes in host physiology and leaf chemistry. Global Change Biology, 11: 1828-1836.
[34]
McDonald AS, Riha S and Puto C. (2009). "Climate change and the geography of weed damage: analysis of u.s. maize systems suggests the potential for significant range transformations." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 130 (3-4): 131-140.
[35]
Mitchell CE, Reich PB, Plumb T. (2003). "Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen deposition, and decreased species diversity on foliar fungal plant disease." Global Change Biology 9 (3)
[36]
Osswald WF, Fleischmann F, Heiser I. (2006). Investigations on the effect of ozone, elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization on host-parasite interactions. Summa Phytopathologica, 32s, s111-s113.
[37]
Pangga IB, Chakraborty S, Yates D. (2004). Canopy size and induced resistance in Stylosanthes scabra determine anthracnose severity at high CO2. Phytopathology, 4: 221-227.
[38]
Paoletti E, Lonardo V. (2001). Seiridium cardinale cankers in a tolerant Cupressus sempervirens clone under naturally CO2-enriched conditions. Forest Pathology, 31: 307-311.
[39]
Parmesan C, (2006). "Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change." Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37 (1): 637-669.
[40]
Pellegrino C, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, Spadaro D. (2009) First report of brown rot of stone fruit caused by Monilinia fructicola in Italy. Plant Dis. 93: 668.
[41]
Percy KE, Awmarck CS, Lindroth RL, Kubiske ME, Kopper BJ, Isebrands JG, Pregitzer KS, Hendrey GR, Dickson RE, Zak DR, Oksanen E, Sober J, Harrington R, Karnosky DF. (2002). Altered performance of forest pests under atmospheres enriched by CO2 and O3. Nature, 420: 403-407.
[42]
Pritchard SG, Amthor JS. (2005). Crops and Environmental Change. Binghamton: Food Products Press. 421p.
[43]
Prospero S, Grunwald NJ, Winton LM, Hansen EDM. (2009). Migration patterns of the emerging plant pathogen Phytophthora ramorum on the West Coast of the United States of America. Phytopathology, 99, 739-749.
[44]
Rezácová V, Blum H, Hrselová H, Gamper H, Gryndler M. (2005). Saprobic microfungi under Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens at different fertilization intensities and elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Global Change Biology, v. 11, p. 224-230, 2005.
[45]
Richerzhagen D, Racca P, Zeuner T, Kuhn C, Falke K, Kleinhenz b, Hau B. (2011). Impact of climate on the temporal and regional occurence of Cercospora leaf spot in Lower saxony. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 118: 168-177.
[46]
Rosenzweig CA, Iglesias R and Cooke P. (2001). "climate change and extreme weather events; implications for food production, plant diseases, and pests." global change & human health 2 (2): 90-104.
[47]
Salinari F, Giosue S; Tubiello FN, Rettori A, Rossi V, Spanna F Rosenzweig C, Gullino ML. (2006). Downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) epidemics on grapevine under climate change. Global Change Biology, v. 12, p. 1299-1307.
[48]
Scherm H, Coakley SM. (2003). Plant pathogens in a changing world. Australasian Plant Pathology, v. 32, p. 157-165, 2003.
[49]
Scherm H. (2004). Climate change can we predict the impacts on plant pathology and pest management? Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, v. 26, p. 267-273, 2004.
[50]
Siegenthaler U; Stocker TF, Monnin E, Luthi D, Schwander J, Stauffer B, Raynaud D, Barnola, JM, Fischer H, Masson-Delmotte V, Jouzel J. (2016). Stable carbon cycle-climate relationship during the late pleistocene. Science, v. 310, p. 1313-1317.
[51]
Strange RN, Scott PR. (2005). Plant disease: a threat to global food security. Annual review of phytopathology, 43, p. 83-116.
[52]
Schneider RW, Hollier DD, Khan C. (2005). "First report of soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi in the continental United States." Plant Disease 89 (7): 774-774.
[53]
Tiedemann AV, Firsching KH. (2000). Interactive effects of elevated ozone and carbon dioxide on growth and yield of leaf rust-infected versus non-infected wheat. Environmental Pollution, v. 108, p. 357-363.
[54]
Woods AK, Coates D, Green TL. (2005). "Is an unprecedented Dothistroma needle blight epidemic related to climate change?" Bioscience 55 (9): 761-769.
[55]
von Tiedemann A, Firsching KH. (2000). Interactive effects of elevated ozone and carbon dioxide on growth and yield of leaf rust-infected wheat. Environ. Pollut. 108: 357-363.
[56]
Vuuren DP, van; O'neill, BCO (2006). The consistency of IPCC's research scenarios to recent literature and recent projections. Climatic Change, v. 75, p. 9-46.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186