International Journal of Information and Communication Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 104-109
Received: Dec. 5, 2018;
Published: Dec. 6, 2018
Views 354 Downloads 20
Mohd ‘Afizi Bin Mohd Shukran, Faculty of Defence Science and Technology, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Mohd Sidek Fadhil Bin Mohd Yunus, Faculty of Defence Science and Technology, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Early design of graphical password scheme solved the strong alphanumeric password deficiencies in term of hard to memorized, but they was exposed to password shoulder surfing and complicated to produced even by the legitimate users. Motivated to solve the problems, pixel value graphical password scheme was developed in 2012 where it require user to load any their desired digital image as their password. The term Passpix is referring to the pixel value that extracted from the loaded image file derived from the words password pixel. Pixel value in the form of RGB color strength could be representing as 3-octets 8-bits color code (0 to 255) or Hexadecimal code (000000 to FFFFFF) produced 16,777,216 combinations. Pixel value graphical password increases the password strength by implementing two-dimensional 8 by 8 grid extraction that increases the password strength to 1,073,741,824 combinations. It would result the password could be long or super long. Currently, pixel value graphical password scheme using the 8-bits color code as the pixel value and password that stored into database which could produce up to 576 characters. This would be require more storage capacity to store the password that brings into a suggestion to extracting the pixel value using hexadecimal code which produced 384 characters only. Further study on that idea it is found that the number of password characters did not brings a significant impact on-disk data size and it is easy information to construct a fake Passpix which is discussed further in this paper. This paper is organized into 5 sections where the background and concept of pixel value graphical password scheme is introduced in section 1. Section 2 of this paper is describing the password style of pixel value graphical password. The fake Passpix reconstruction is briefly explained in section 3 and section 4 is discussed further about the fake Passpix findings. The conclusion of this study can be found in section 5 and at the end of this paper, there are list of several references used in this study. Hopefully this paper will brings major contribution for safer pixel value graphical password scheme.
Mohd ‘Afizi Bin Mohd Shukran,
Mohd Sidek Fadhil Bin Mohd Yunus,
Pixel Value Graphical Password Scheme: Fake Passpix Attempt on Hexadecimal Password Style, International Journal of Information and Communication Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2018, pp. 104-109.
M. A. M. Shukran and M. S. F. M. Yunus, “Pixel Value Graphical Password Scheme” PI 2013003261 Malaysia, 2015
G. E. Blonder, “Graphical password” 5,559,961 Washington D. C., United State of America, 2015
S. Chiasson, A. Forget, R. Biddle, and P. C. van Oorschot (2009). “User interface design affects security: Patterns in click-based graphical passwords,” International Journal of Information Security, vol 8, pp 387, 2015
Malaysian Banking Berhad, “M2U new enhanced Security Features. Maybank 2 U,” [Online] https://www.maybank2u.com.my.
A. F. Syukri, E. Okamoto and M. Mambo, “A user identification system using signature written with mouse,” Australasian Conference on Information Security and Privacy, vol. 13, pp. 403-414, July 2015. [Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg]
H. Tao, “Pass-Go, a new graphical password scheme” Doctoral dissertation, University of Ottawa (Canada), 2017.
L. Sobrado and J. C. Birget, “Graphical passwords,” The Rutgers Scholar, an electronic Bulletin for undergraduate research, vol. 4, pp. 12-18, 2016.
R. Biddle, S. Chiasson and P. C. Van Oorschot, “Graphical passwords: Learning from the first twelve years” ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), vol. 44, p. 19, 2015
M. A. M. Shukran, M. S. F. M. Yunus, W. S. S. Shariff, M. S. Ariffin and K. Maskat, “Pixel Value Graphical Password Scheme: Identifying Design Features and Requirements,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 548, pp. 1561-1565, 2014, Trans Tech Publications.
“HTML Color Codes,” [Online] https://htmlcolorcodes.com/, September 3, 2015.
M. S. F. M. Yunus, “Dynamic Analysis on Pixel Value Graphical Password Scheme,” Master dissertation, National Defense University of Malaysia, 2016.