Review on Compost and Mineral NP-fertilizer Application Rate Effects on the Yield and Yield Components of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)
Science, Technology & Public Policy
Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2017, Pages: 1-5
Received: Jan. 5, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 25, 2017; Published: Mar. 20, 2017
Views 1249      Downloads 113
Author
Guta Eshetu Gemmechu, Horticulture and Seed Spices Technology Generating Research Case Team, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bale Robe, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The origin of potato is thought to be Peru; some authors, however, believe that it was also native to parts of Mexico [7]. The evidence is that potato was cultivated and utilized by Chilean and Peruvian people before the arrival of Spaniards. There is little doubt that South America, in the neighborhood of Quito, is the place from which potato was first carried early in the sixteenth century into Spain where potato culture spread throughout Europe and later to North American Colonies [14], [15]. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) belongs to family Solanaceae and is one of the most important vegetable cum starch supplying crop having high production per unit area per unit time. Potato, an underground tuber occupies prime position among the cash crops in India. Potatoes are rich source of vitamins, especially ‘C’ and ‘B’ and also minerals. Tubers contain 70-80% water, 20.6% carbohydrate, 2.1% protein, 0.3% fat, 1.1% crude fibre and 0.9% ash. Among major food crops, potato produces the highest dry matter and edible protein per unit area and time. It can fulfill the requirement of food for human consumption to a greater extent [4].
Keywords
Potato, Compost, Mineral Nitrogen Fertilizer, Phosphorus Fertilizer
To cite this article
Guta Eshetu Gemmechu, Review on Compost and Mineral NP-fertilizer Application Rate Effects on the Yield and Yield Components of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), Science, Technology & Public Policy. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.stpp.20170101.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abay Ayalew and Tesfaye Dejene, 2011, Integrated application of compost and Inorganic fertilizers for production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Angacha and Kokate in Southern Ethiopia, Jornal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, vol; 1: 2.
[2]
Abd-El-Kareem, F.; Abd-Alla, M. A. and El-Mohammed, R. S. R 2001, Induced resistance in potato plants for controlling late blight disease under field conditions. Egypt. J. Phytopathol., 29 (2): 29 – 41.
[3]
Abd-El-Kareem, F.; El-Mougy, N. S. and Abdel-Kader, M. M. 2013, Application of compost and bio-agents as integrated soil treatment for controlling peanut crown rot disease under field conditions. Advances in Agriculture. Sciences and Engineering Research, 3 (5): 858–866.
[4]
Atkinson D., Geary B., Stark J., Love S., Windes J. 2003. Potato varietal responses to nitrogen rate and timing, Idaho Potato Conference, January 22.
[5]
Banjare, Sanjana, Sharma, Gaurav, Verma, S K, 2014, Potato Crop Growth and Yield Response to Different Levels of Nitrogen under Chhattisgarh Plains Agro-climatic Zone, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 7 pp. 1504-1508.
[6]
CIP. 2010. Facts and figures about potato. International potato center. Http://www.cipotato.org/potato.html. Retrieved 21st march 2014.
[7]
David, G., and Adam, P. (1991). Crops of the drier Regions of the tropics. 134.
[8]
Elad, Y., and Shtienberg, D. 1994, Effect of compost water extracts on grey mould (Botrytis cinerea). Crop. Prot. 13: 109-114.
[9]
FAO, 2013, FAO STAT Agriculture Database, http://faostat.fao.org/DesktopDefault.spx.
[10]
FAO. 2012. Potatoes crop production. Http://www.faostat/ fao.org.html. Retrieved 21st of March 2014.
[11]
Firew G/Mariam, Nigussie Dechassa and Wassu Mohammed, 2014, Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) To Nitrogen and Phosphorous under Irrigation in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia, Msc Thesis Abstracts, Vol. I, pp: 386.
[12]
Gezachew Abate Yenegete, Nigussie Dechasa and Getachew Alemayehu, 2006, Effect of Compost Supplemented with NP Fertilizers on Soil Property, NP-Uptake and Yield of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) In West Gojjam, North Western Ethiopia, Msc Thesis Abstracts vol. I, pp: 342.
[13]
Girma Abera Jibat, Yohannis Uluro and H. Ra. Vishankar, 2001, influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorous on the yield and yield components and Tlijber quality of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) On Nitosols of Bako Area Msc thesis Research Abstracts Vol. I, pp. 328.
[14]
Hawkes, J. G. (1990). The potato evaluation, Biodiversity and genetic resources. London, Behaven press,
[15]
J W Strowbridge, 1927 Origin and Distribution of commercial Potato crop, Technical Bulletin Vol. 7, United States of America, Washington D. C. Vol. 7.
[16]
Kandil, A. A., Attia, A. N., Badawi, M. A., Sharief, A. E. and Abido, W. A. H. 2011. Effect of Water Stress and Fertilization with Inorganic Nitrogen and Organic Chicken Manure on Yield and Yield Components of Potato. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5 (9): 9971005.
[17]
Karam, F., Rouphacl, Y., Lahoud, R., Breidi, J. And Coll, G. 2009. Influence of Genotypes and potassium Application Rates on Yield and potassium Use Efficiency of Potato. J Agro; 8 (1): 27-32.
[18]
Kleinhenz, M D, Cardina, J, 2003 Compost Application Effects on Weed Populations and Crop Yield and Quality in Three Early-maturing, Organically-managed Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Cultivars, pp: 337-343.
[19]
Mcquilken, M. P.; Whipps, J. M. and Lynch, J. M. 1994, Effects of water extracts of composted manure-straw mixture on the plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea. World J. Microbiol. Biotech. 10: 20-26.
[20]
Mikkelsen R., 2006 Best Management practices for profitable fertilization of potatoes, Better crops, Vol; 90: 2.
[21]
Pilet, F.; Chacón, G.; Forbes, G. A. and Andrivon, D., 2006, Protection of susceptible potato cultivars against late blight in mixtures increases with decreasing disease pressure. Phytopathology, 96: 777-783.
[22]
Sandhu, A S, Sharma, S P, Bhutani, R D and Khurana, S C, 2014, Effects of planting date and fertilizer dose on plant growth attributes and nutrient uptake of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 5 pp. 196-202.
[23]
Trillas, M. I.; Casanova, E.; Corxarrera, L.; Ordovas, J.; Borrero, C. And Aviles, M. 2006, Composts from agricultural waste and the Trichoderma asperellum strain T-34 suppress Rhizoctonia solani in cucumber seedlings. Biol. Control, 39: 32–38.
[24]
Urban, J. And Tränkner, A. 1993, Control of grey mold (Botrytis cinerea) with fermented compost/water extracts. Pages 8-11 in: Biological control of foliar and post-harvest diseases: Proceedings of a workshop. N. J. Fokkema, J. Kohl, and Y. Elad, eds. Bulletin of the International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, West Palearctic Regional Section. Vol. 16.
[25]
Weltzien, H. C. 1991, Biocontrol of foliar fungal disease with compost extracts. Pages 430 450 in: Microbial Ecology of Leaves. J. H. Andrews and S. S. Hirano, eds. Springer- Verlag, New York.
[26]
Weltzien, H. C. 1989, some effects of composted organic materials on plant health. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 27: 439 446.
[27]
Zebarth B. J., Rosen C. J., 2007. Research perspective on nitrogen BMP development for potato. American Journal of Potato Research, 84: 3-18.
[28]
Zelalem, A, Tekalign, T, Nigussie, D, 2009 Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to different rates of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on vertisols at Debre Berhan, in the central highlands of Ethiopia, African Journal of plant science, vol. 3 pp 016-024.
[29]
Zhao, S.; Liu, D.; Ling, N.; Chen, F.; Fang, W. And Shen, Q. 2014, Bio-organic fertilizer application significantly reduced the Fusarium oxysporum population and alters the communities of watermelon Fusarium wilt rhizosphere soil. Biol. Fertile. Soil, on Line, DOI: 10. 1007/00374-014.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931