A Naturalistic Approach of Human Enhancement Ethics
Science, Technology & Public Policy
Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 54-59
Received: May 18, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 4, 2020; Published: Jun. 15, 2020
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Jingtao Jiang, Research Centre of Medical Humanities, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China
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The debate between conservatism and progressivism of human enhancement ethics is essentially a debate between normative ethics and naturalistic ethics. Naturalistic ethics has a problem of "naturalistic fallacy", and normative ethics also has a problem of "normative paranoea". The former is a historical limitation of human cognitive ability which can be gradually solved with the development of science and technology, while the latter is a self-righteous positioning error of anthropocentrism. Therefore, normative ethics should give way to naturalistic ethics, and accordingly conservatism of human enhancement ethics should give way to progressivism. A naturalistic research approach is needed for human enhancement ethics. This naturalistic approach regards man as a living system that realizes its pursuit of balance through survival and development. Freedom is the pursuit of the balanced state of the living system, while survival and development are the process of the realizing of this pursuit. Equality is the fact that living systems are identical to other living systems and thus have equal influence in the higher systems of which they are composed. Democracy is a high-level system composed of living systems in which the dominant power is in the hands of most subsystems rather than a few. This as a whole constitutes a kind of naturalistic or systematic axiology.
Human Enhancement Ethics, Normative Ethics, Naturalistic Ethics, System Axiology
To cite this article
Jingtao Jiang, A Naturalistic Approach of Human Enhancement Ethics, Science, Technology & Public Policy. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 54-59. doi: 10.11648/j.stpp.20200402.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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