Recycling Plastics to Crop Vegetables in Seawater: 1- The Floating Greenhouse Bottle
International Journal of Systems Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 25-28
Received: Nov. 5, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 11, 2019;
Published: Dec. 23, 2019
Views 100 Downloads 60
Manuel Jiménez Aguilar, Andalusian Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Andalusian Regional Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Environment, Government of Andalusia, Granada, Spain
The objective of the study was the design of a floating greenhouse for growing edible plants in the sea. The elements necessary for growing plants in the sea a low cost would be a solar still for producing freshwater and a pot or container for plant support and breeding. To perform the functions of solar still plastic bottles for packaging olive oil were used. With this plastic bottle as top and a Trap for Wasps made of plastic or a metallic Mold to make baked biscuits as base it was possible to build a small solar greenhouse and use seawater to grow some man edible plants such as spinach (Spinacia oleracea L. ) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) The floating greenhouse bottle can be used for growing plants in lakes or freshwater marshes as well as in salt lakes or in the sea. It would have application for cultivation of edible and industrial crops, algae or biofuels, plants to reduce the greenhouse effect, as a system for the recycling of plastic bottles and to reduce the cost of freshwater needed for Agriculture. By not producing waste is considered an ecological and cheap system to produce some food without spending energy because it uses seawater and solar heat.
Manuel Jiménez Aguilar,
Recycling Plastics to Crop Vegetables in Seawater: 1- The Floating Greenhouse Bottle, International Journal of Systems Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2019, pp. 25-28.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Savvas, D. and N. Gruda (2018). Application of soilless culture technologies in the modern greenhouse industry-a review. European Journal of Horticultural Science 83, 280-293.
Mancosu, N. Snyder, R. L. Kyriakakis, G. and D. Spano (2015). Water scarcity and future challenges for food production. Water 7, 975-992.
Fritzman, C. Löwenberg, J. Wintgens, T. and T. Melin (2007). State-of-the-art of reverse osmosis desalination. Desalination 216, 1-76.
Kumar, R. Ahmed, M. Bhadrachari, G. and J. P. Thomas (2018). Desalination for agriculture: water quality and plant chemistry, technologies and challenges. Water Supply 18, 1505-1517.
Fath, H. (1998). Solar distillation: a promising alternative for water provision with free energy, simple technology and a clean environment. Desalination 116, 45-56.
Sen, P. Bhuwanesh, K. Ashutosh, K. Engineer, Z. Hegde, S. Sen, P. K. and R. Lal (2013). Micro-scale multi-effect distillation system for low steam inputs. 5Th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering. Procedia Engineering 56, 63-67.
Ventura, Y. and M. Sagi (2012). Halophyte crop cultivation: The case for Salicornia and Sarcocornia. Environmental and Experimental Botany 92, 144-153.
EL Awady, M. El-Ghetany, H. and M. Latif (2014). Experimental investigation of an integrated solar greenhouse for water desalination, plantation and wastewater treatment in remote arid Egyptian communities. Energia procedia 50, 520-527.
Jambeck, J. Geyer, R. Wilcox, C. Siegler, T. R. Perryman, M. Andrady, A. Narayan, R. and K. L. Law (2015) Marine pollution. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science 347, 768-771.
Yan, D. Shi, H. Li, L. Li, J. Jabeen, K. and P. Kolandhasamy (2015). Microplastic pollution in table salts from China. Environmental Science and Technology 49, 13622-13627.
G. Greenbaum (1979). Channel culture array using saline water. Patent US 4178715 A.
Tang, C. and W. Su (2005). Floating plant cultivation platform and method for growing terrestrial plants in saline water of various salinities for multiple purposes. Patent US 2005 044788 A1.
M. Abahusayn (2013). Desalination greenhouse. Patent US 2013 192131 A1).
M. Jimenez (2015). Recycling plastic to crop vegetables in seawater. Environmental Processes 2, 823-832.
H. Ming (2003). Floatable planting apparatus. Patent US 2003 070357 A1.
Peñalver, J. Muñoz, P. Romero, E. Barcala, E. and E. M. Dolores (2015). First record of the juvenile phase of European eel Anguilla anguilla in the hypersaline coastal lagoon Mar Menor southeast Spain. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 5, 391-395.