Mechanical Properties of Recycled Tire Wires and Glass Fibers Reinforced Concrete
International Journal of Engineering Management
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-10
Received: Nov. 6, 2019;
Accepted: Nov. 26, 2019;
Published: Apr. 14, 2020
Views 537 Downloads 150
Moti Muleta, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tesfaye Alemu, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Concrete is a versatile construction material with various uses. It is has poor tensile strength and good compressive strength mechanical properties. In past, an effort has been made to improve concrete mechanical properties by mixing with various foreign materials such as synthetic and natural fibers, steel wires and plastics. However, there is research gap in literature to study comparative use of recycled and new materials for improving concrete mechanical properties. This research work experimentally investigates use of new glass fibers and recycled tire fibers in 0.5%, 1% and 1.5% in weight mixes with concrete to study concrete mechanical properties performance gains such as compressive, flexural and split tensile strength properties. Experimental results indicated as compared to control plain concrete specimen, use of recycled steel fiber and glass fibers in concrete mix increased flexural property of concrete by 19.64% and 24.56% whereas split tensile strength of concrete is enhanced by 8.15% and 12.02%, respectively. Similarly, compressive strength of concrete is improved by 5.34% and 7.87% respectively. Also, optimum blend percentage of recycled tire fiber and glass fiber for enhanced performance gains in concrete mechanical properties is one percent. Finally, use of recycled steel fibers and glass fibers in concrete exhibited similar concrete mechanical property performance gains however, recycled steel fibers has 78% direct cost reduction as compared to glass fibers.
Mechanical Properties of Recycled Tire Wires and Glass Fibers Reinforced Concrete, International Journal of Engineering Management.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2020, pp. 1-10.
Shetty M. S., Concrete Technology Theory and Practice, Revised Edition, New Delhi, 2005.
Neville A. M., Properties of Concrete, Fifth edition, Pearson Education Ltd, 2013.
ACI Committee 544, “Evaluation of strength Test result of concrete,” ACI 214R-02, 2002.
ACI Committee 544, Guide for Specifying, Proportioning, Mixing, Placing, and Finishing Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete, ACI 544. 3R-93.
European Commission, Council directive 1999/31/EC on “the landfill of waste,” Official Journal of the European Communities, 1999.
European Commission, Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on “incineration of waste,” Official Journal of the European Communities, 2000, pp. 91-111.
Hylands K. N. and Shulman V., “Civil engineering applications of tires.” Viridis Report VR5, Transport Research Laboratory, Crow Thorne, 2003.
W. H Tayler, concrete Technology and practice, 4th edition, 1997.
Steven H. Kosmatka, Beatrix Kerkhoff, William C. Panarese, “Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures,” 14th edition, Portland Cement Association, 2003.
Rizwan H. W., Farhan Hussain Wagan, Imran Hussain Wagan, Ghulam Hussain Wagan, ”The Effect of Waste Tire Steel Fibers distribution Characteristics on the Flexural Strength of Concrete with Improving Environmental Impact in Pakistan”. American Journal of Applied Scientific Research”.2017, V. 3, No. 5, pp. 49-55.
Nguyen Van Chanh “Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete” Ho Chiminh City University of Technology, pp 108–116.
Islam, G. S., Gupta S. D. “Evaluating plastic shrinkage and permeability of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete,” International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 2016, V. 2, pp. 345–354.
Serrano. R., Cobo. A., Prieto. M. I., de las Nieves González. M. “Analysis of fire resistance of concrete with polypropylene or steel fibers. Construction and building materials,” 2016, V. 122, pp. 302–309.
Mastali, M., Dalvand, A., “Fresh and hardened properties of self- compacting concrete reinforced with hybrid recycled steel–polypropylene fiber, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,” 2017, V. 29, pp. 301-312.
M. A. Aiello, F. Leuzzi, G. Centonze, A. Maffezzoli (2009) “Use of steel fibers recovered from waste tyres as reinforcement in concrete: Pull-out behavior, compressive and flexural strength” Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy.
K. Srinivasa Rao, S. Rakeshkumar, A. Laxmi Narayana,” Comparison of Performance of Standard Concrete And Fiber Reinforced Standard Concrete Exposed To Elevated Temperatures, “American Journal of Engineering Research, V. 2, pp. 20-26.
Ziaaddin Zamanzadeha, Lúcio Louren çoband Joaquim,” Recycled steel fibre reinforced concrete failing in bending and in shear” American Journal of Engineering Research, V. 2, pp. 21-32.
Methuke. V, “Strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using glass fiber reinforced polymer composite,” International journal of engineering research and technology, 2013, V. 2.
Ronak. P, Jayeshkumar. P, “A study on glass fiber as an additive in concrete to increase concrete tensile strength,” Global research analysis, 2013, V. 2.
J. D. chaitanya, G. Abhilash,”Experimental studies on glass fiber concrete,” International journal of engineering research and technology 2016, V. 5, pp. 100-104.
P. arulsivananthen, “Experimental Study on usage of class-E glass fiber in the cement concrete,” International journal of engineering research and technology, 2015, V. 4.
Prakash N, Sejal. P, “strength and durability aspect study of glass fiber reinforced concrete with flay ash,” International journal of futuristic trends in engineering and technology, 2014, V. 1.
Waste tire shredding management, https://www.wastepyrolysisplant.net.
ACI Committee 544, “state of The art report on fiber reinforced concrete,” ACI 544 1. R-96, 2002.
California Integrated Waste Management Board, “Assessment of Markets for Fiber and Steel Produced From Recycling Waste Tyres,” Sacramento, 2003.