Estimating the Solar Home System Sizing for Rural Residential Apartments Using a Panel Tilt Angle of 82 Degrees: Ilorin, Kwara State as Case Study
American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2017, Pages: 90-96
Received: Mar. 22, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 24, 2017;
Published: Jul. 6, 2017
Views 1341 Downloads 278
Esan Ayodele Benjamin, Department of Electrical & Information Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria
Egbune Dickson, Department of Electrical & Information Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria
Nigeria is blessed with abundant sunshine and as such there is an enormous potential for the utilization of solar energy all across the nation. Ilorin, Kwara State is among the North-Central regions in Nigeria and has a latitude and longitude of 8.4799oN and 4.5418oE respectively with a land area of about 765 sq. km. and an elevation of 307.4m above sea level making it one of such locations in the nation having a good solar irradiation. Solar irradiation in Nigeria varies according to location and for different times of the year according to the weather and climate of such locations. As such depending on the tilt or orientation of the solar panels with respect to the sun, the solar irradiation hitting the solar panels differs. This paper using a solar system configuration where the solar panels direction is positioned facing directly south and having a tilt angle of 82 degrees seeks to provide a prototype for the design of a solar energy system whereby residential apartments especially 2-bedrooms in rural locations having no access to the nation’s electricity grid could have a better, cleaner and more efficient alternative source of energy.
Esan Ayodele Benjamin,
Estimating the Solar Home System Sizing for Rural Residential Apartments Using a Panel Tilt Angle of 82 Degrees: Ilorin, Kwara State as Case Study, American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 2,
2017, pp. 90-96.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Paris Agreement. https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/paris_en.
Buhari signs Paris Agreement on Climate Change.https://www.businessdayonline.com/buhari-signs-paris-agreement-on-climate-change/.
World Energy Outlook (IEA 2012). http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/media/weowebsite/energydevelopment/weo2012_energy_for_all.pdf.
Ramchandra Pode. Financing LED solar home systems in developing countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews: 25(2013)596–629. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.04.004.
Unlocking Solar Capital Africa, 1 & 2 Nov. 2016 Nairobi, Kenya. p19. http://sun-connect-news.org/fileadmin/DATEIEN/Dateien/New/Solar_Facts_Figures_Africa.pdf.
Biswas WK, Diesendorf M, Bryce P. Can photovoltaic technologies help attain sustainable rural development in Bangladesh? Energy Policy 2004; 32: 1199–207.
Urmee T, Harries D, Schlapfer A. Issues related to rural electrification using renewable energy in developing countries of Asia and Pacific. Renew Energy 2009; 34: 354–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.05.120.
Adenikinju, A (2005). Analysis of the cost of infrastructure failures in a developing economy the case of electricity sector in Nigeria. African Economic Research Consortium AERC Research Paper 148, February 2005 Nairobi.
Michael et al. Exploring the Economic and Environmental Benefits of Solar Energy Generation in Developing Countries: The Nigerian Perspective. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy p26. Retrieved from http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JETP/article/viewFile/6460/6559.
Abe A and Adetan O (2008). “Development of solar systems in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects”. Proceedings of the 1st National Engineering Conference on Sustainable Energy Development in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects. Faculty of Engineering, University of Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. Pg. 94 - 98.
Solar Power. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/solar_power.
Unlocking Solar Capital Africa, 1 & 2 Nov. 2016 Nairobi, Kenya. p22. http://sun-connect-news.org/fileadmin/DATEIEN/Dateien/New/Solar_Facts___Figures_Africa.pdf.
Bhattacharyya SC. Renewable energies and the poor: niche or nexus? Energy Policy 2006; 34: 659–63.
Al-Ismaily HA, Probert D. Photovoltaic electricity prospects in Oman. Appl Energy 1998; 59: 97–124.
Stefano M, Claudio B, Emanuela C, Marco M. Effect of load profile uncertainty on the optimum sizing of off-grid PV systems for rural electrification. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments: 18 (2016) 34–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2016.09.010.
Hussein A. Kazema, Tamer Khatiba, K. Sopianb. Sizing of a standalone photovoltaic/battery system at minimum cost for remote housing electrification in Sohar, Oman: Energy and Buildings 61 (2013) 108–115 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.02.011.
Pietro Elia Campana et. al. An open-source optimization tool for solar home systems: A case study in Namibia: Energy Conversion and Management 130 (2016) 106–118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2016.10.003.
Stefano Mandelli ⇑, Claudio Brivio, Emanuela Colombo, Marco Merlo. Effect of load profile uncertainty on the optimum sizing of off-grid PV systems for rural electrification. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments 18 (2016) 34–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2016.09.010.
Solar Irradiance. http://solarelectricityhandbook.com/solar-irradiance.html.
Solar Irradiance. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_irradiance.
Solar Irradiation. http://www.superstrate.net/pv/illumination/irradiation.html.
How to design solar PV system. http://www.leonics.com/support/article2_12j/articles2_12j_en.php.
PV system sizing. Solar PV Design Implementation O & M, March 31 – April 11, 2008, Marshall Islands. Herb Wade.
Canadian Solar CS6X-300-M 300 Watt Mono Solar Panel. https://www.altestore.com/store/solar-panels/canadian-solar-cs6x-300-m-300-watt-mono-solar-panel-p10730/.
Nigerian Private Oil Marketers Hike Price of Petrol. http://www.nigerreporters.com/nigerian-private-oil-marketers-hike-price-of-petrol/.
High cost of Diesel raises concern over sustainability of petrol price. https://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2016/06/07/high-cost-of-diesel-raises-concern-over-sustainability-of-petrol-price/.
Population of Cities in 2017. http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/nigeria-population/cities/.