Design and Implementation of Gsm Enabled Remote Sensor for Monitoring Power Transformer Operation
American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages: 62-71
Received: Oct. 25, 2020;
Accepted: Nov. 7, 2020;
Published: Nov. 23, 2020
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Idim Aniebiet, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Warri, Nigeria; Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Iyere Sunday Fidelis, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Transformer is one of the most vital components of power transmission and distribution infrastructure. In a developing country such as Nigeria, majority of the growing population of the people are still grappling with gross inadequate and epileptic power supply. Only about 4000MW of electricity is available for distribution (by load shedding) due to decay in existing infrastructure. The aim of this work is to apply modern technology to prevent further decay of the equipments particularly the transformer which is very expensive. This article involves the design and implementation of a device to monitor and detect the operating condition of a transformer with emphasis on power distribution transformers. A module embedded Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) enabled device is designed to monitor load currents and temperature, using a micro-controller and sensor. The monitored values are processed and recorded in the system memory which is programmed with some predefined instructions to detect any abnormal working condition of the transformer so that the GSM module can send a Small Message Signal (SMS) to designated mobile telephones containing information about the fault, base on the programmed instructions into the micro-controller. This will help the power distribution company respond swiftly to abnormalities that may lead to catastrophic failures and subsequent system short down. It is a fully automated device capable of reducing the risk of transportation and human errors associated with manual transformer inspection and testing. The device was tested and it responded very well to fulfill the set objectives.
Iyere Sunday Fidelis,
Design and Implementation of Gsm Enabled Remote Sensor for Monitoring Power Transformer Operation, American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2020, pp. 62-71.
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