Study Structure Formation of Microcrystalline Aluminum-Silicon Alloys Subjected to Compaction
American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 28-32
Received: Jul. 16, 2018; Accepted: Aug. 7, 2018; Published: Oct. 12, 2018
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Martin Lolov, Institute of Metal Science, Equipment and Technologies with Hydro- and Aerodynamics Centre “Acad. A. Balevski” Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Nikolay Dyulgerov, Institute of Metal Science, Equipment and Technologies with Hydro- and Aerodynamics Centre “Acad. A. Balevski” Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Stoyan Velev, Institute of Metal Science, Equipment and Technologies with Hydro- and Aerodynamics Centre “Acad. A. Balevski” Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Microcrystalline structure of aluminum-silicon alloys is obtained by applaying high cooling rates (more than 10 sup>4K.s-1), which results in a highly non-equilibrum state in the form of suppersaturate solid solution. A product is obtained in the form of ribbons less than 100 μm thick. These fine ribbons are usually subjected to consolidationby cold isostatic compaction followed by hot extrusion at relatively high temperatures (above 400°C), in which phase transformations (decomposition of the supersatursted solid solution) and coarsening of the structure occur and this results in deterioration of the properties. The purpose of recent work is to study the structure formation at lower temperatures. These data will allow the development of technologies that save the finegrained two phase structureas much as possible after applied heat treatment action. The microstructures of the alloys are examined with a Reichert MeF2 optical microscope and the average area of the silicon particles (S, μm2) is determined as a measure of the structure dispersion. Particular stages in structural change are determined, both by X-ray analysis of crystal lattice parameters of the alluminium solid solution, and by the Perkin-Elmer DSC-2 Differential Scanning Calorimeter, with transient heating. X-ray tests are performed with a powder diffractometer DRON-3 (CuKαfiltered emission, scintillation registrtion, continuous recording on a chart band).The lattice parameter variation are used to examine the kinetics of structural changes in the microcrystalline state. Received curve shape suggests that the lattice parameter follows a parabolic dependence. A value of 94.6 kJ.mol-1 is obtained for activation energy of the decomposition of the solid solution at lower temperatures which was explained with acceleration of the Si diffusion process, due to the defects in the structure of the aluminum matrix. In the case of high temperature annealing at 400-500°C the activation energy of the process is 135kJ.mol-1 which was explained with the decomposition of the supersaturated solid solution. Coarsening process can be devided in two stages. During the first stage the particles reach size of several tens of nm. During the second stage, the average size of the silicon phase is in the micronial area. The temperature efect requires special measures for reduction of the microstructure coarsening. One of the possible ways is an additional alloying which is object of a further investigation.
Rapid Crystalization, Microcrystalline Alloys, Aluminum-Silicon Alloys
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Martin Lolov, Nikolay Dyulgerov, Stoyan Velev, Study Structure Formation of Microcrystalline Aluminum-Silicon Alloys Subjected to Compaction, American Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2018, pp. 28-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmme.20180203.11
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